Launched in 1812, Montebello was an Océan type ship of the line of the French Navy. They also sailed to Canada via Plymouth, plied the Mediterranean and they had routes to the West Indies. The period was divided into the convention (until 26 October 1795, during which effective power was exercised by the Committee of Public Safety), the Directory until 9 November 1799 (the Directorate was a "Cabinet" of five members),and finally the consulate until the proclamation of the Empire on 18 May 1804. The rating system was thoroughly reformed under Colbert's administration two years later, in June 1671, and numerous French warships were renamed at that date; vessels are listed below under their original name at time of launching, even if they subsequently were better known by the name they were given later. Later units of the 118-gun type, begun during the First Empire, were completed at various dates over the next few decades. From 1671, this was redefined as vessels armed with from 36 to 46 guns; in 1683 this was revised again to include only two-decked ships with from 40 to 46 guns. The Second French Republic was established briefly from 1848 (until 1852).This section of the article includes all ships of the line launched from July 1815 to February 1848. Three different constructeurs designed these ships; the first two were by François-Guillaume Clairin Deslauriers and Léon-Michel Guignace respectively, while the Toulon pair were by Joseph-Marie-Blaise Coulomb. Available : HMS Beagle was a brig-sloop of the Royal Navy. The largest of these ships of the line would mount a number of guns comparable to later units of the 18th and 19th century, such as the famous 72-gun Couronne, but the brunt of these ships would mount between 20 and 40 guns. Six of the class were captured and used by the Royal Navy. Most Second Rates were two-decked vessels, i.e. Both were reclassed as 80-gun ships in April 1811. Designed by Jacques-Noël Sané, 97 vessels, each of 74 guns, were laid down between 1782 and 1813. Napoléon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor on 18 May 1804 and ruled until he abdicated on 6 April 1814. Rieuse, a 26-gun oar-assisted frégate légère (1674–1698). From 1670, the Third Rank was defined as ships of the line carrying from 40 up to 50 carriage guns; in 1671 this was redefined as ships carrying from 48 to 60 guns. carrying three complete gundecks, usually plus a few smaller carriage guns mounted on the gaillards (i.e. No actual ship ever bore the name, and the ship features mismatched characteristics that make it unlikely to represent any ship in existence. Dates of service, name changes, previous and next incarnations, dimensions, armament, commanders, officers and … 50 (ex-English, captured 1694) (same as next? For ships of the line, paint schemes tend to be a little bit more involved. Argonaute, 42 (later 50) guns, design by Blaise Pangalo, launched 14 November 1708 at Brest – … Bust of Napoleon at the Musée de la Marine, Paris, Imperial cannot of Napoleon at the Musée de la Marine, Paris. French Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Guillaume Tell' (1795). 44 (ex-Dutch, captured 1696) – Scuttled by fire to prevent recapture, ? The heavily armed carrack, first developed in Portugal for either trade or war in the Atlantic Ocean, was the precursor of the ship of the line. The French had orders to avoid battle, and upon sighting the British fleet two of the French ships escaped into the port of Brest. Other maritime European states quickly adopted it in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.    ships of the line Dartmouth 50 (1741) – sunk 1747 in action with the Spanish ship of the line Glorioso; Woolwich 50 (1741) – broken up 1747; Preston 50 (1742) – hulk 1748, broken up 1749; Smaller ships (fifth rates) These small two-decker warships were not ships of the line as they were not powerful enough to stand in the line of battle. This is a list of French battlefleet warships of the period 1640–1861: The battle of Arnemuiden was also the first naval battle using artillery. Artésien-class ship of the line. French warship Montebello in 1850 . The Republic was proclaimed on 21 September 1792 (although Louis XVI was not executed until 21 January 1793). These vessels were developed by fusing aspects of the cog of the North Sea and galley of the Mediterranean Sea. But the early beginning of the French Navy goes back to the Middle Ages, when it defeated the English Navy at the battle of Arnemuiden,on 23 September 1338. The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 394 total. with up to 140 guns on at least two decks. Tonnant: In service from 1790 through to 1834 . Typically each carried 30 x 36pdr guns on the lower deck, 32 x 24pdr guns on the middle deck, 32 x 12pdr guns on the upper deck, and 16 x 8pdr guns on the gaillards, although this armament varied from time to time. The Age Of The Ship Of The Line: The British and French Navies, 1650-1815. On July 9, 1778 Victory put to sea along with a force of thirty ships of the line. Early in the 1700�s, ships� hulls would be painted yellow orche or clear varnished wood with narrow black streaks along the wales of the ship�s sides (see figure 1), but it is likely that other variations upon this basic theme were used on ships of all navies. The Empire was restored during the Hundred Days from 20 March to 22 June 1815; this section of the article includes all ships of the line launched from May 1804 to June 1815. (Totten). Later Dauphin Royal class (118-gun ships, continued). Category:Ships of the line of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Ships_of_the_line_of_the_French_Navy&oldid=977944879, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 301–600 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 22:48. (ex-Spanish vice-admirals galleon, captured 1643 (Battle of Cape Gata)), ? Model of the Louis le Grand at the Musée de la Marine, Paris. Click for more info: HMS Beagle . Plans list her as a 120-gun ship, but many historical references refer to her as a 118-gun ship. All frigates are listed in the appropriate article. (ex-Spanish galleon, captured by des Augiers 1696), One further ship begun at Venice to this design was never launched –, Note that in 1837 the surviving 80-gun ships (indicated by asterisks after their names above) were re-armed and re-designated as 86-gun ships (with 14 x 12-pounder guns and 10 x 36-pounder carronades on the. Bucentaure class 80-gun ships designed by Jacques-Noël Sané, a modification of the 80-ship Tonnant class listed above. Compagnie Générale Transatlantique - French Line. Exhibition of Models (PAI3508) (previous page) ( next page) Algésiras-class ship of the line. Pluton class – A revised design for Téméraire class, by Jacques-Noël Sané, described officially as "the small model" specially introduced to be constructed at shipyards outside France itself (the first pair were built at Toulon) where they lacked the depth of water required to launch 74s of the Téméraire Class. 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