When we think of ornamental grasses, visions of sun-kissed meadows and sky-blue prairies come to mind. By Raakel ToppilaThe ornamental value of grasses has only recently been recognized. Some care instructions advise to cut grasses down to a few inches above ground in fall or spring and to divide clumps when the grass's growth begins to weaken. If grown in a frost-free area, it is perennial and will return each year on its own. Hardiness is always an issue of concern in any ornamental plant for the landscape. © 2020 Canadian Wildlife Federation. Perhaps the most important maintenance technique is cutting back the grass to a height of 10 centimetres. Welcome to the Ontario Grasses, Sedges & Rushes website Your "online field guide" to Ontario's grasses, sedges and rushes: This website is all about grasses, sedges & rushes that grow in Ontario (Canada). Warm season grasses thrive in 85-95 degree heat. Damp soils, shorelines and meadows from Alaska to Newfoundland to southern United States. This grass can spread quickly in the garden and may become a problem. Lisa Hallett Taylor is a writer and editor with 12+ years experience covering architecture, landscape design, and do-it-yourself projects. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Pennisetum Setaceum: A Grass for All Seasons, 12 Best Ornamental Grasses for Your Landscape, How to Grow and Care for Bristle Leaf Sedge (Carex Eburnea), How to Cut Back Ornamental Grasses in Spring or Fall, 8 Best Ornamental Grasses to Add Privacy to the Garden, 10 Best Ornamental Grasses for Containers, 13 Types of Colorful Ornamental Grass for Fall, 13 Colorful Fall Decorating Ideas for Porches, Patios, and Yards, Golden Japanese Forest Grass Plant Profile. Gather dead or dry-looking canes in your hand and cut down toward the base. The grass clump will be overgrown, possibly encroaching on neighboring plants or creeping out beyond the border or edge. Switchgrass is one of the native cool season grasses in North America that provides seeds for the birds during the winter. All Rights Reserved. Use in masses along streams, at the edge of a pond, in water gardens, pots or tubs. You may end up with a good-sized pile of the dead stuff, which you should pitch into a portable container as you go along. In a garden setting these grasses are often preferred as the plants remain contained within their planting area. Comb through the entire grass, and shake it occasionally to get out more dried plant material. ga('send', 'pageview'); Acorus calamus ‘Variegatus’ Acorus gramineus ‘Oborozuki’ Acorus gramineus ‘Ogon’ Acorus gramineus ‘Variegatus’ Andropogon gerardii; Anthoxanthum nitens; Arrhenatherum elatius bulbosum ‘variegatum’ Bouteloua curtipendula; Bouteloua gracilis; Calamagrostis acutiflora ‘Avalanche’ Calamagrostis acutiflora ‘Eldorado’ House Landscape Fall Landscape Cottage Garden Plants Low Maintenance Plants Ornamental Grasses Drought Tolerant Native Plants Native Gardens Ontario Sporobolus heterolepis - Prairie Dropseed It is drought tolerant and has good fall colour. The most famous of the tall grasses is the pampas grass (Cordateria), unfortunately not hardy in Ontario. Follow these steps to groom your grasses and get them to looking great.Â. Start one today. Some gardeners prefer to cut the grass below the rope, because the cuttings are easier to dispose of or put in the compost bin. Observe up close, if possible. Ornamental grasses are fairly new to the landscape scene—they've increased in popularity in the past couple decades. This makes it much easier to cut it all at one time and get it more even. Full sun, well-drained soil, tolerant of considerable drought. Most native grasses, however, will do well in a variety of soils and require little watering. They flower in late spring and summer. Keep in mind, the smaller the clump, the longer it will take to reach full size. Grasses perform numerous functions in the landscape. Clump forming. Blue green to silvery blue foliage with purplish flower spike Native Habitat: 1. Grasses are often described as either warm or cool season. Chasmanthium latifolium (spangle grass) -- This green grass grows up to 1.2 metres tall and matures to a bright copper, but it is also chosen for its distinctive oatlike flowers. Tolerates either sun or shade. Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern Sea Oats, for example, is a clump forming North American native grass that produces a multitude of seeds, many of which germinate the following year. As more grasses are introduced from other parts of the world that share similar climates, landscape professionals aren't always in agreement on how to handle these exotic imports. We are a family run business that has been producing and selling top quality seedlings to wholesale nurseries for over 50 years. ORNAMENTAL GRASSES 55 DESCHAMPSIA TUFTED HAIR GRASS / CANCHE CESPITEUSE Deschampsia caespitosa May-June Silver/Purple/Green Height:60cm Spread:60cm Zone:4 Shape:Mounding Foliage:Deep Green Deep green leaves form a mound and produce delicate plumes in the summer that can be silver, light green, or purple, with several colours occuring at once. Screens, erosion control, specimen, masses, winter interest, arrangements. Many grasses prefer full sun, some are invasive so look for clump forming varieties. We are an online provider for native trees, shrubs, grasses, and perennial wildflowers. Moist or swampy ground from Manitoba to Ontario. In addition to blue fescue, other popular ornamental fescues include atlas fescue ( Festuca mairei), California fescue ( Festuca californica ), and sheep fescue ( … They grow best at temperatures between 26 and 32 degrees Celsius. But in the world of ornamental grasses, fescues are considered low-growers and are often used as edgings, borders, and ground covers. This can be done with hedge shears in February or March before new growth appears from the crown of the plant. Whether you want a thick green lawn or a sea of swaying ornamental foliage, grasses are easy to grow and adaptable to many types of situations. There is a rich variety of colored ornamental grasses including blue, purple and even black. Some ornamental grasses like Northern Sea Oats, Lily Turf, and Mondo grasses grow in full shade. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This is a grass to use in areas near public sidewalks or driveways where you want the lush texture of a grass but need one that can handle a tough site. Clu… American Beach Grass (Ammophila breviligulata) Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) Black-seed Rice Grass (Patis racemosa) Bottle-brush Grass (Elymus hystrix) Canada Wild Rye (Elymus canadensis) Great Lakes Wheat Grass (Elymus lanceolatus) Native Plants in Claremont is a nursery devoted to the increased awareness and restoration of Ontario's native plants and their habitats. Share the divisions with friends or transplant back into the garden. Once established, ornamental grasses require very little maintenance. As the plant ages it may flop or die in the center. By removing all that dry, old growth that is basically a big mess of dead grass, new growth will actually be exposed to sunlight and fresh air. Most ornamentals are easy to grow, requiring little water and fertilizer and no pesticides. Screens, erosion control, specimen, masses, winter interest, arrangements. Current Plant List Some of our plants are listed here. Forestry consultant Rob Haubry gives you a few tips to help improve your native warm season grass plantings. Dormant foliage and seed heads of warm season grasses persist providing winter interest and food for birds. Like many grasses, this tough plant tolerates a wide range of conditions. We have many native trees, for example, most of which we have not listed. Depending on the type of grass, you can either replant (and trim to about 4 inches above where it will be placed in the ground), or put it in your composting bin. Some even continue to grow throughout the winter months.Warm season grasses thrive in the heat of summer. Use a saw, spade or shovel and divide into smaller clumps. Cool season grasses can be divided in the fall, winter or early spring. Japanese Sweet Flag. The graceful, arching foliage of grasses display rich colors over a long season. Check out your neighborhood or cruise nearby areas where similar-looking ornamental grasses grow. It is a hardy grass that handles harsh conditions and offers columns of texture and color to the garden in blue/green and purple/burgundy. From our Ontario-based nursery, we will ship anywhere across the province. For impromptu touch-ups, grab a bunch of grass blades in one hand, pull them out to the side, and cut with a pair of hand pruners. If you're not from Ontario, don't go away! (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ Select grasses that hardy to at least zone 6 for Toronto. ga('require', 'linker'); We haven’t listed all of our o rnamental shrubs, which include things like cedars and other landscaping trees, and other trees or shrubs which we only have a handful of, anyway. What? Nice, healthy and how it's supposed to look— ornamental. Many gardeners hack ornamental grasses like Pennisetum setaceum into all sorts of curious configurations so that they resemble tumbleweeds. Commonly found along shorelines and ditches, these plants threaten ecosystems by forming dense stands that crowd out native species. Full sun, well-drained soil, tolerant of considerable drought. To thin-out the grass, grab small sections in the middle and cut toward the base, at different heights. Charitable registration # 10686 8755 RR0001, //