Origin of the species name. Also covers those considered historical … Lifespan. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. The pinnate leaves are 20-30 … Flowering is in early summer (June in its native region), and is variable from year to year, with heavy flowering every second or third year. Hardy to USDA Zone 4    Native from North Carolina to Kentucky and Tennessee. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. Common Name(s): Yellowwood; Previously known as: Cladrastis lutea; Phonetic Spelling klah-DRAS-tis ken-TUK-ee-ah Description. Yellowwood Basic Information. Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. In autumn they turn a bright clear yellow. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae … Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. This is a medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth grey bark and a broad, rounded crown. Sun. Home » Tree Names Index » Genus: Cladrastis » Species: kentukea Picture of a Yellowwood Tree (Cladrastis kentukea) Picture of a American Yellowwood Tree, (Cladrastis kentukea) Species. Patrick Breen, Leaves: Alternate, pinnately compound, eight to twelve inches long, main stem stout, enlarged at base. It is also listed as Cladrastis lutea, a synonym. Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Leaf: odd-pinnate, fresh … Cladrastis kentukea : Geographic Information Geographic Division: North America : Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native : Canada, Introduced : Comments Comment: US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, … The smooth gray bark … Scientific Name . Branchlets at first downy, but soon become smooth, light yellowish green; later red brown, finally dark brown. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Cladrastis kentukea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Perfect, papilionaceous, white, borne in drooping terminal panicles twelve to fourteen inches long, five to six inches broad, slightly fragrant. Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. 1971 "kentuckea" USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. This is a large family with species like wattles (Acacia spp. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Well-drained soil. State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. Cladrastis (Leguminosae subfamily Faboideae tribe Sophoreae): a historic and taxonomic overview. The leaves are compound pinnate, 20–30 cm long, with 5-11 (mostly 7-9) alternately arranged leaflets, each leaflet broad ovate with an acute apex, 6–13 cm long and 3–7 cm broad, with an entire margin and a thinly to densely hairy underside. K. Koch; International Common Names. Cladrastis kentukea. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of … The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). Some authors write the name as one word, "yellowwood." Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming … Ornamental Characteristics Size: Tree > 30 feet Height: 30' - 50' Leaves: Deciduous Shape: round Ornamental Other: Environmental Characteristics Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 4b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: showy, fragrant … Stamens: Ten, free; filaments thread-like. They come out the bud pale green, downy; when full grown are dark green above, pale beneath. May 2012. Other common names for yellow wood include American yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood. Cladrastis kentukea | Family: Fabaceae . Cladrastis kentukea . Native: indigenous. The rare Yellowwood tree is also found in this preserve. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is a rare, medium sized tree (15-20m) native to the southern Appalachians, Arkansas, and Missouri. Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. Calyx: Campanulate, five-lobed, enlarged on the upper side. FEATURES Form-medium to large ornamental/shade, deciduous tree-maturing at 40-50' tall … Bark: Smooth gray, or light brown. All common names: Yellowwood, American yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Description: This yellowwood tree is found on the hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens. (Jaknouse/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0) Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common alternate ranked tree species in North America. Cladrastis kentukea, also known as yellowwood or American yellowwood is a medium sized (30-50 feet) deciduous tree native to North America. The smooth dark gray bark along with the narrow branch angles makes a good winter identification feature. Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. Its scientific name is derived from the Greek words klados, meaning “branch” and thraustos, meaning “fragile,” which refers to the brittle wood and branches. The yellowwood belongs to the Fabaceae (pea) family. Height: 8 - 10 (15) m. Crown: flat globular, half-open crown, capricious growing. Fabaceae. Rudd Show All Show Tabs Kentucky yellowwood Corolla: Papilinaceous; standard broad, white, marked on the inner surface with a pale yellow blotch; wings oblong; keel petals free. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Michx.) The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Leaflets seven to eleven, broadly oval, three to four inches long. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. Fruit: Legume, smooth, linear-compressed, tipped with the remnants of the styles. Yellowwood is a rare tree native to isolated … Leaves alternate, odd-pinnately compound, 20-30 cm long, usually 7-9 leaflets (terminal leaflet largest), each elliptic to ovate, entire, bright green, petiole enlarged at base and enclosing bud. The tree … The fruit is a pod 5–8 cm long, containing 2-6 seeds. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The other six are found in Asia. Cours.) Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. The bole of larger trees can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 352 On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin names spoken, look up … ft., 39.12 lbs. Cours.) The largest specimen known is at Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 m tall and 2.2 m trunk diameter; the tallest known is a slender tree 27 m tall but only 0.55 m trunk diameter, at Plott Cove Research Natural Area, Georgia (Spongberg & Ma 1997; Eastern Native Trees Society). It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. & Ma, J.-S. (1997). Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. General description. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). Found principally on the limestone cliffs of Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, but it is hardy at the north to zone 4. Cladrastis kentukea is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown; it usually grows 10 - 15 metres tall, exceptionally reaching 20 metres. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Tolerates alkaline and acid pH soils, native to limestone cliffs and ridges. Family: Fabaceae. The name of the forest is derived from the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), a tree seldom found this far north in the United States; it flowers here only every three to five years. Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. The Society of Municipal Arborists selected the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea or C. lutea) as its Urban Tree of the Year for 2015. One of the rarest trees of eastern North America. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd: Common Name: Yellow Wood; Kentucky Yellow Wood: Habitat: Rich woods over calcareous substrates, especially on slopes. Genus and species: Cladrastris kentukea. Phytologia; Designed to Expedite Botanical Publication. Family . kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Vernacular names . Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Cladrastis kentukea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. Winter buds: Four in a group, making a tiny cone and enclosed in the hollow base of the petiole. Date planted. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. These trees include hickory, black walnut, oak, yellow poplar, birch, beech, elm, cherry, sweetgum, and sycamore. Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our … Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood A medium deciduous tree known for its smooth gray bark, vase-shaped habit, and extremely fragrant pendulous white flowers. The name yellowwood derives from its yellow heartwood, used in small amounts for specialist furniture, gunstocks and decorative woodturning. Cours.) Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall.Cladrastis is native to eastern Asia, and one species to … The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … campus: south of the CH2M-Hill Alumni Center. References . Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Yellowwood - Cladrastis kentukea Pea Family (Fabaceae) Yellowwood grows throughout Eastern Kentucky, but is most common along the Kentucky River palisades in the Bluegrass region. A number of cultivars have been selected, including 'Perkin's Pink' (syn. gr., 0.6278; weight of cu. [2] It thrives in full sunlight and in well-drained soil, tolerates high pH soils as well as acid situations. In Missouri, it typically occurs in … Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.[2]. YELLOWWOOD - CLADRASTIS KENTUKEA. Rudd. 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