The initial cost of the theoretical higher performance compact flange is inevitably higher than a regular flange due to the closer tolerances and significantly more sophisticated design and installation requirements. 3. In order to design, build and discuss gear drive systems it is necessary to understand the terminology and concepts associated with gear systems. Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! English Language Learners Definition of flange : an edge that sticks out from something (such as a wheel) and is used for strength, for guiding, or for attachment to another object See the full definition for flange in the English Language Learners Dictionary Pipe Size – Pipe flanges also have a corresponding pipe size, generally according to accepted standards.. Outside Diameter of Flange (OD) – this is measured from outer edge to opposing outer edge. due to some emergency or defect. See ?Rib. Traditional telemark and cross country boots use the 75 mm Nordic Norm, but the toe flange is informally known as the "duckbill". The forged flange has higher strength than the cast flange. and ASTM the different material qualities. THREADED FLANGE Threaded flanges are joined to pipes by screwing the pipe (which has a male thread, generally NPT per ASME B1.20.1) onto the flange, without seam welds (in certain cases, though, small welds are applied to increase the strength of the connection).. Threaded flanges are available in sizes up to 4 inches and multiple pressure ratings, however, they are used, mostly, small … International Volunteer Day (sometimes abbreviated to IVD) takes place annually on December 5th. Flange A flange is just another word used to describe the female genitalia. A mechanical device that is used to connect two pieces of pipe together to form a pressure tight joint. Image Courtesy: Wermac Below you will find a short description and definition of a few types, complete with a detailed image. Although the word flange generally refers to the actual raised rim or lip of a fitting, many flanged plumbing fittings are themselves known as 'flanges': Common flanges used in plumbing are the Surrey flange or Danzey flange, York flange, Sussex flange and Essex flange. Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. Pitch Circle Diameter (PCD) – this is a diameter that measures from the center of bolt hole to opposing bolt hole. In most cases these are interchangeable as most local standards have been aligned to ISO standards, however, some local standards still differ (e.g. You can benefit from the complete assurance of … They are normally made by forging process. There are many different flange standards to be found worldwide. Standards, codes, specifications are extremely important - often essential - technical documents in engineering and related technical fields. Engineering ToolBox Sketchup Extension. FLANGE MANAGEMENT We offer engineering solutions to maintain the flange joint integrity. AS2129 originates from BS10 and has been metricated. A flange is an external or internal ridge, or rim (lip), for strength, as the flange of an iron beam such as an I-beam or a T-beam; or for attachment to another object, as the flange on the end of a pipe, steam cylinder, etc., or on the lens mount of a camera; or for a flange of a rail car or tram wheel. Common Mechanical Engineering Terms Ball and Detent (n) A simple mechanical arrangement used to hold a moving part in a temporarily fixed position relative to another part. n (Engineering) a driving coupling between rotating shafts that consists of flanges (or half couplings) one of which is fixed at the end of each shaft, the two flanges being bolted together with a ring of bolts to complete the drive English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus Further, many of the flanges in each standard are divided into "pressure classes", allowing flanges to be capable of taking different pressure ratings. Pipes with flanges can be assembled and disassembled easily. It gives the highest level of joint integrity due to Butt-welded with a … I-beams are usually made of structural steel and are used in construction and civil engineering. Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, COBUILD Key Words for Chemical Engineering, COBUILD Key Words for Mechanical Engineering. Flanges are usually weldedor screwed. ASME B16.5 refers to nominal pipe sizes (NPS) from ½" to 24". The list of Flange abbreviations in Engineering. Only in few cases it can be fabricated from plates. The main seal is the IX seal ring. Last 50 years A flange is a method of connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other equipment to form a piping system. In ASME B16.5, only Blind flange and reducing flange can be fabricated from a weldable quality plates. Standards: a technical standard is an established norm or requirement. Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! The material of a flange, is basically set during the choice of the pipe, in most cases, a flange is of the same material as the pipe. These flanges are recognized by ASME Pipe Codes such as ASME B31.1 Power Piping, and ASME B31.3 Process Piping. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. The bolting material used for flange connection is stud bolts mated with two nut (washer when required). A flange can also be a plate or ring to form a rim at the end of a pipe when fastened to the pipe (for example, a closet flange). Co… Last 300 years. (Mechanical engineering: Machinery and components) A flange is a part or edge that sticks out from an object in order to keep the object in position, strengthen it, or attach it to another object. The web resists shear forces, while the flanges resist most of the bending moment experienced by the beam. All Years An Essex flange requires a hole to be drilled in the side of the tank. Weld neck flange is the most widely used type in process piping. A blind flange is a plate for covering or closing the end of a pipe. Used in a derogatory way, the word ‘ Flange ’ could be used instead of words like:- Cunt, Axe wound, Clam, Giny, Vage, Vajayjay Similar to the ASME flange standard, the EN 1092-1 standard has the basic flange forms, such as weld neck flange, blind flange, lapped flange, threaded Flange (Thread ISO7-1 instead of NPT), weld on collar, pressed collars, and adapter flange such as flange coupling GD press fittings. Search engineering dictionary: Definition: Flange. Failure Mode The compression flange of a beam can buckle locally when the bending stress in the flange exceeds the critical stress. The difference between the forged flange and the cast and forged flange is that the forged flange is a process for producing a production flange which is developed on the basis of the cast flange. A Flange is a protruding wheel-shaped end of equipment that is fastened to another end of an object to facilitate attachment. Last 100 years Flanges larger than 24 inches are covered in ASME B16.47. Large flange diameters in particular are difficult to work with, and inevitably require more space and have a more challenging handling and installation procedure, particularly on remote installations such as oil rigs. In the USA, ANSI stopped publishing B16.5 in 1996, and the standard is ASME B16.5. Good designers and engineers have experience and knowledge and the ability to communicate their thoughts and ideas clearly with others. Search engineering dictionary: Definition: Flange. Again these are not generally interchangeable (e.g. Last 10 years A flange is a … It is an ‘International Day’ established by the United Nations to recognize and promote the contribution made by volunteers and voluntary organizations to the wellbeing of people across the globe. A vacuum flange is a flange at the end of a tube used to connect vacuum chambers, tubing and vacuum pumps to each other. Weld Neck Flanges. ANSI Class Flange Types Regardless of size or specification, flanges are fundamentally designed to close, cover, connect, or support pipe systems. The first seal is created by application of seal seating stress at the flange heel, but it is not straight forward to ensure the function of this seal. In Petrochemical industries, ASTM A193 B7 STUD & ASTM A193 B16 Stud Bolts are used as these have high tensile strength. The documents prepared by a professional group or committee which are believed to be good and proper engineering practices and which contain mandatory requirement. […] Flange dimensions shall be such that the stresses in the flange, calculated in accordance with 2-7, do not exceed the allowable stresses specified in 2-8. Welding Neck Flange. All flanges, discussed on this website fall under the ASME en ASTM standards, unless otherwise indicated. A closet flange provides the mount for a toilet. Train wheels have flanges so they do not run off the rails. ‘the flanges that held the tailpipe to the aircraft’ In addition, there are many "industry standard" flanges that in some circumstance may be used on ASME work. (Chemical Engineering: Fluids storage and transport) A flange is a flat plate used for connecting two pieces of pipe. 2. The different forms of flanges within the EN 1092-1 (European Norm Euronorm) is indicated within the flange name through the type. Eh up, me duck! Trains stay on their tracks primarily due to the conical geometry of their wheels. From the Cambridge English Corpus Above the gloves is another flange, which is used as a control window. It is a mechanical part that is most common in pipeline engineering. Critical flange dimensions help to identify the standard . B16.47 covers NPSs from 26" to 60". Flanges are used for making connections for piping. A Flange is a type of pipe fitting material that connects pipes or with other components such as valves, instruments, equipment as a part of piping system with easy access for installation and maintenance cleaning or inspection. They are often used to ensure an even flow of water to showers. You can benefit from the complete assurance of … Engineering Dictionary. Search engineering dictionary: Definition: Ansi Flange. Unique pressure classes for piping can also be developed for a process plant or power generating station; these may be specific to the corporation, engineering procurement and construction (EPC) contractor, or the process plant owner. External or internal ridge, or rim which provides strength, https://www.piping-world.com/piping-flanges-types-of-flanges-in-piping-systems, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flange&oldid=985071871, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, ASME Section II (Materials), Part A – Ferrous Material Specifications, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 19:46. And design of technical Applications Cambridge English Corpus Above the gloves is another flange, is. That in some cases slightly larger bolt holes provide better clearance as metric bolts are used on dock! Are covered in ASME B16.47 different types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and!! Joist, esp of an object to facilitate attachment standard DIN EN 1092-1 ( norm! 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