It's considered a valuable tree used for lumber and furniture production, as well as for ornamental purposes. Gum Tree Gum Tree Spiritual Meaning and Medicinal Uses. The Black Gum is a shade tree, and is often planted in gardens due to its golden autumn leaves and shiny blue fruits. The name Tupelo comes from the native American muscogee language meaning "swamp tree". Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Is this species used commonly for something other than firewood? When soils are compacted, their pores, which are responsible for drainage, are crushed. Expect brilliant colors in the fall, too. Another reason why black gum is an appropriate choice in the urban landscape is due to its habit or growth form. Under optimum conditions, black gum has the genetic ability to reach a height of 75 feet. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. The bark does not hold well to the sapwood, however, making it difficult to turn natural edge bowls. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. To view a good example of this tree’s fall display, visit NH’s Pisgah, Fox Forest, and Rhododendron state parks with populations growing throughout in the tree’s favored acidic wetland habitat. Attractive, glossy, dark green leaves that turn yellow, orange, and scarlet red in fall. The Black Gum is one of the most outstanding trees for its fall colors, when your tree will turn into a pillar of fire. They also feature distinct five-pointed leaves as well as spiked fruits that are sometimes called “gumballs” and seeds that attract birds. Persimmon : Green Ash . He received his Associate’s and Bachelor’s degree in Forestry from the University of New Hampshire. It has a sweet odor when cut, a tight and tortuous grain pattern with burl characteristics, especially in the crooked limbs. New Hampshire’s (NH) native Nyssa sylvatica, commonly referred to as black gum, is one example of a native species that can be successfully incorporated into the urban landscape. It's considered a valuable tree used for lumber and furniture production, as well as for ornamental purposes. The Black Gum shade trees are cold hardy from Canada to Florida. Large leaders often tear off at the union and cause large wounds on the trunk, which may ultimately result in the removal of the tree. What are some potential uses of black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)? The resin for spruce gum comes from the black spruce tree, which you can easily identify by its ashy, blue-green needles. However, it was used as a traditional remedy for issues with diarrhea and sore throats. Nate Torenvliet describes finding a 580-year-old black gum tree in the Niagara region of Ontario. (Sawing and Drying Forum) A friend who grew up in the backwoods of Arkansas used twigs of the tree as a natural toothbrush. They are frequently confused with the similar leaves of Common Persimmon. Though they grow at a fairly moderate pace, Black Gum are large trees at maturity, so give them as much clearance from the fence as you are able. Excessive scrubbing too can also bring the risk of gum damage, though this … Another option is to plant cultivars such as Nyssa sylvatica ‘Firestarter’ or Nyssa sylvatica ‘Red Rage’ that do not produce fruit. Bl… Bark is dark gray to almost black, alligator-like patterns when old. The wood splinters out in all directions when it’s chewed, making a little pipestem brush. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. Eventually, the unyielding wood of black gum filled the bill for heavy-duty tool handles, factory flooring, hard-working parts for farm machinery, conveyor rollers, and the core of hardwood plywood. PHOTO: U.S. FOREST SERVICE … Species such as elms that have an upright growth habit develop leaders with narrow crotches that are much more likely to develop included bark between the union when compared to a branch with a wide angle of attachment to the trunk. I run across quite a bit of it here in PA. Forum Responses In the past, blackgum was used for oxen yokes and chopping bowls due to the toughness resulting from the interlocked grain. M.A. Learn more about Deciduous Trees … This can slowly kill a tree. Between trees, a minimum of perhaps 20' (trunk to trunk) would be good; further is even better, though certainly trees in the wild can grow much closer to each other than this. Consequently, it may be unwise to plant black gum in a densely populated area, such as next to heavily used sidewalks due to a potential slipping hazard. Park Hill, OK-- Fire Master™ Black Gum is an easy care native shade tree introduced by Garden Debut® in late 2010 with exceptional coloration.In the wild, Black Gum (also known as Tupelo) grows across the entire eastern half of North America but at low densities of 1-3% in native forests. This tree takes on extraordinary shades of crimson, purple and orange that must be seen to be believed, and that brightens your garden like no other tree can. This tree is known to the Islanders as the Beetlebung Tree. The Black Gum Tree, or Tupelo, is a highlight of fall, producing the most powerful display imaginable. Dwarf Apple. Childs, R., Kujawski, R., & Swanson, D. (2012). Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. One of the uses of hollow Black Gum logs was (and still is, sometimes) as "bee gums." Red fall color. Included bark between a co-dominant stem results in an extremely weak connection. Sweet gum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua) are a common sight in the eastern United States and in several Central American and southern Mexican regions. I have done several turnings from a down black gum on my property, and they are beautiful. The wood is beautiful and it's often used as a veneer for plywood. The wood is beautiful and it's often used as a veneer for plywood. Give Cold Stream Farm a call at 231-464-5809 if you would like to invest in wholesale black gum trees or sweet gum trees for your property. In the South the Black Gum trees, Nyssa sylvatica, are known as, 'Tupelo trees' or 'Black Tupelo Trees' and grow into enormous towering tree specimens in wet or damp areas, where they are fast growing and abundantly produce a fruit that is highly prized by birds. The gnarled grain of the Black gum resists splintering and was used for making the beetle, or mallet and the bungs, which are the wooden stoppers in the casks. The Black Gum is the only native species of Nyssa in Canada and occurs primarily in areas north of Lake Erie. Use your face shield (voice of personal experience). The Details . Although black gum often grows in swamps, it has been found growing well on dry sites and has shown the ability to tolerate droughts, which may be attributed to its genetic ability to grow a deep root system. Comment from contributor A: In the past, blackgum was used for oxen yokes and chopping bowls due to the toughness resulting from the interlocked grain. Fruit the size of navy beans ripen to a dark blue in fall and are a favorite food to many birds. When properly cared for, black gum trees reach 30 to 50 feet tall with a 20- to 30-foot spread. Since you can't split the stuff, I was wondering if it might be a good species to use for cribbing. When possible, black gum should be planted in a site that provides adequate soil space for its root system. The hollow trees are cut down and then cut into short sections and used for beehives. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. Whitetail deer will browse young black gum shoots. Black gum heartwood often rots, creating dens for wildlife, including black bears. And, veneer from the wood's unsplitable character made it the ideal material for berry baskets, for which it is still widely used. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. Photo: Mike Henry. Nonetheless, that doesn’t mean there isn’t possibility for a detrimental pest or disease in the future for this species. It offers an impressive scarlet fall color and lacks the spiny balls of the unrelated sweet gum. I first became acquainted with black gums on an outing to Grassie, Ontario with a local tree group, and it was a meeting I would not forget. Bark is dark gray to almost black, alligator-like patterns when old. This excurrent growth habit is rare for most hardwoods in our region. A fast growing native tree with a pyramidal habit growing to 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide. About the Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Sawyers discuss how to handle Black Gum wood, and what you can make with it. Angophora, which includes the Sydney red gum (Angophora costata) Black gum, Nyssa sylvatica; Sweetgum, Liquidambar spp. At the dawn of spring, when the world lights up in green, the Wildfire Black Gum stands out with deep ruby red leaves. beauty of this tree. The wood has a unique reddish brown color with sapwood that's nearly white and black grain running through the hardwood. I first became acquainted with black gums on an outing to Grassie, Ontario with a local tree group, and it was a meeting I would not forget. The wood has a unique reddish brown color with sapwood that's nearly white and black grain running through the hardwood. Rich tones of red, purple and orange light up the garden with a power you would not have believed possible, leaving all but a few other trees looking pale and insignificant. I sawed some yesterday, and was surprised how nice looking the lumber was inside. Fortunately, at this time there are no serious pests or diseases that attack black gum in NH. However, due to the unnatural conditions in the urban landscape, it typically only reaches a height of 30 to 50 feet with a crown spread of 20 to 30 feet. This type of gum is used in medicine, tanning, and dyes, but not as chewing gum. 1. Black gum is excellent for turning. Therefore, it is difficult for trees species that require good drainage to survive in compacted soils. Another name for the Black Gum is the Black Tupelo. While modern American gum does not come from the gum trees, you could try chewing Eucalyptus resin when you find one of these trees. If you traveled through Worcester, Massachusetts, you have seen the damage that the Asian long horned beetle (ALB) has done to the maples. The bark does not hold well to the sapwood, however, making it difficult to turn natural edge bowls. The swamps contain a thick layer of peat (partially decomposed plant material). Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. Nyssa sylvatica A native to the eastern U.S., Black Gum is noted for its outstanding and consistent fall red color. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. The Black Gum shade trees are cold hardy from Canada to Florida. American Beech : Red Maple . Black gum heartwood often rots, creating dens for wildlife, including black bears. Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. Because of its twisted grain, black gum cannot be split so it has been somewhat spared by lumbermen. Anyhow when I got there it was a Black Gum tree I almost left it there but went ahead and took it since he was that nice. It’s much lighter than oak and wouldn't have to hold up to the elements, as cribbing is usually destroyed before it can rot anyway. If you live in Concord, you have seen the damage the emerald ash borer (EAB) has done to the ash population. Whitetail deer will browse young black gum shoots. (2009). Photo: Mike Henry. The Blackgum tree, Nyssa sylvatica, is also known as the Black Tupelo or Sourgum. Joined: Oct 2, 2013 Messages: 13,019 Likes Received: 49,995 It has rough, flaky bark, sometimes smooth on the branches, lance-shaped leaves, green to yellow flower buds in group of seven, white flowers and more or less cup-shaped fruit. Botanical names: Nyssa sylvatica Common names: Black gum, blackgum, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum, pepperidge Origin: Native from southern Maine to central Florida in the east and as far west as … Cory Keeffe is the Community Forester for the State of NH’s Division of Forests and Lands. Since black gum naturally grows in an environment that is somewhat similar to these conditions in the urban environment, it is able to tolerate compacted soils better than most other species. Native to Japan, Korea, and eastern China, multiflora rose (... Forests are a precious resource in New Hampshire, where much of... *Pictured above: improperly applied mulch, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Black gum, which happens to be the species of the oldest recorded tree in NH, is one of my favorite native species that I feel should be planted more often in the urban landscape. Growth rate is slow to medium.Wildlife: Many species of birds and wildlife eat the fruit, and bees use the nectar to make honey. This tree looks stressed. If the leaves are glossy above, turn red in the fall, or have a few remote teeth, they're Blackgum, not Persimmon. Pallet Pete Moderator. Black gum has performed well in wide tree lawns, medium and large parking lot islands, parks, and even as a street tree in suburban areas. It has a sweet odor when cut, a tight and tortuous grain pattern with burl characteristics, especially in the crooked limbs. A middle-aged black gum tree. Culture: This beautiful tree can be used as a shade or orna-mental tree in a variety of soil types and climates. Separate male and female trees. Winged Sumac Blackgum trees are considered one of our most beautiful native trees. The Black Gum Tree is also called the Sour Gum Tupelo, and a rare tree to find in nurseries. Corymbia, which includes the ghost gums and spotted gums. We do not see a disease or insect issue, which points to a cultural/environmental problem. The leaves are alternate, usually entire (not toothed), and glabrous (smooth). One of the most common issues trees face in the urban environment is compacted soils. Fruit the size of navy beans ripen to a dark blue in fall and are a favorite food to many birds. Its fall foliage is a showstopper, with leaves turning various shades of orange, yellow, red and a striking purple. They are usually found in wet sites that feature a shallow water table. Black gum can be planted as a single specimen/ shade tree or used in groups along naturalized areas. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn’t just bring those colors to the fall. Nyssa sylvatica A native to the eastern U.S., Black Gum is noted for its outstanding and consistent fall red color. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . The color of the wood is tan or pale yellow with medium brown to dark brown and black highlights. Urban soils are frequently composed of clay, which is highly compacted during construction in order to meet engineers’ load-bearing specifications that support vehicles and pedestrians. Black Gum Tree has strikingly brilliant red to deep purple foliage in the fall. The wood can be readily pulped and is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. I have done several turnings from a down black gum on my property, and they are beautiful. Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? It has a sweet odor when cut, a tight and tortuous grain pattern with burl characteristics, especially in the crooked limbs. In recent years, NH has experienced severe storms, droughts, and invasive pests more regularly. Photo by Cory Keeffe. It could have been a slip of the tongue that led to this confusion, as its wood is often used to make gunstocks (gum and gun – it’s pretty close I suppose!) It is thought of as one of the five best shade trees in America. New foliage growth is red compared to the species which has green new growth,leaves then turn to dark green as it matures. Called “one of the best and most consistent native trees for fall color” by tree expert Michael Dirr, the black tupelo is a terrific landscaping choice. Also commonly called black tupelo or sourgum, the black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a lesser known native tree species that does not, in fact, produce a gum of any sort. 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