Such areas are very commonly invaded by Reed Canary grass in many parts of the Midwest. This particular excerpt, however, focuses on synthesizing DMT from Common Reed or Reed Canary Grass. "Fire can help control the spread of reed canary grass and keep it out of high quality wetlands. Most archaeological discoveries found in Iowa are considered likely to represent cultivated maygrass rather than reed canary grass. Bur reed (Sparganium) and reed mace (Typha) are plants of other families. Prohibited Washington. It is one of the first plants to green up in the spring and the last to die back each fall. This typically involves mowing the reed canary grass around the plants at least twice a year. So I was wondering if there is a way to seperate the 5-meo alkaloids from the nn dmt alkaloids once the extraction process is … How did Phragmites get here? It is a major threat to natural wetlands. Its creeping rhizomes often form a thick sod layer, which can exclude all other plants (photograph 2). Annals of Applied Biology 157:191-202. Reed canary grass has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. I recently sprayed it and I’m going to plant no plow for the fall-winter. It was widely planted during the 1930s and then expanded beyond its planted areas.) Reed canary grass is an unusual species that is thought to be native to North America, Europe and Asia, with different ecotypes existing on different continents. How can I recognize it? Common reed grows everywhere, it is found all around the world (or something extremely similar with DMT content). Bernthal and Hatch (2008) found that 1 in 7 wetland acres in their southern and south-central Wisconsin study area were heavily dominated or The Eurasian ecotype has been selected for its vigor and has been planted throughout the United States since the Reed canary grass is found throughout Wisconsin. The most popular color? Reed canarygrass grows 3 to 6 feet tall and has sturdy hollow stems up to ½ inch wide, with reddish coloring near the top. Timothy had a lower crude protein concentration, a greater iron concentration, and a more desirable calcium: phosphorus ratio (1.6:1 for timothy, 0.8:1 for reed canarygrass). Remote health initiatives to help minimize work-from-home stress; Oct. 23, 2020 Regardless of whether you are dealing with small patches or a large stand, repeated control efforts over several growing seasons will be necessary for reducing reed canary grass infestations. Secondly, it takes time for planted species to become large enough to shade out the undesirable grass. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/phaaru/all.html Maygrass seeds found in paleofeces from dry caves in Kentucky directly demonstrate that … A number of Phalaris grasses are found in herbals from the early modern period. Various control methods are detailed in Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea) Management Guide: Recommendations for Landowners and Restoration Professionals, available from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. How do I control it? It is thought that the invasive subspecies of Reed Canary Grass is an escaped Eurasian cultivar. Because of its height and its distinctive, fluffy seedheads, Phragmites is easy to spot, even by traveling motorists. Sometimes it is so dominant it is the only plant in an area. Nov. 2, 2020. The best control of reed canary grass occurs when you catch it before it dominates your wetland. Flower spikes are large and compact on stems high above the leaves in June and July. One species of Phalaris grass was described by Dioscorides as phalaridos. Maygrass seeds are difficult to distinguish from a closely related perennial, reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). Reed Canary Grass can reach heights of up to 6 feet and grows in large patches. Lavergne, S., and J. Molofsky. Reed canary grass produces enormous quantities of seed that germinate in disturbed soil or float downstream to colonize stream banks. I am attempting to extract DMT using Reed Canary grass (Phalaris Arundinacea) and I know that the plant contains both 5-meo-dmt and nn dmt. Not a tree or shrub growing within it. Bauman explains that several light frosts had occurred within the previous week of the heifer’s death. A mechanical technique to remove the envassive plant called reed canary grass. Wet most of the year. reed canary grass is not dominant. Reed Canary Grass can out-compete native grasses within 5 to 6 months of introduction. Maygrass first occurs in Late Archaic sites dating 2,000—3,000 years old. It does grow thick and tall. because I was told you could just throw it in a pot or dish or whatever and just burn in and inhale the smoke. It all depends on variety. Reed canary grass is indigenous to Iowa while maygrass is not. Planted in U.S. since 1800's used for forage and erosion control Solutions: Burning, mowing and grazing spread Plants installed in reed canary grass require maintenance so that they themselves do not become overwhelmed by the grass and get shaded out. It is a major threat to natural wetlands. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about reed canary grass? Its mostly orchard and canary grass. Flower spikes are large and compact on stems high above the leaves in June and July. Wetland Coffee Break: Protecting the “Bayou of the North”, Wetland Coffee Break: The Chiwaukee Prairie, Wetland Coffee Break: A decade since the Ramsar designation of the Upper Mississippi River, Wetland Coffee Break: The history and ecology of Horicon Marsh, Our legacy of wetland loss: Behind our water problems. Close mowing 3 times per year can be effective to retard growth and prevent seed set. I have a book "Heavenly Highs" that says Reed Canary Grass is a very common grass which contains sufficient amounts of DMT and says the grass is perfectly fine to just dry and smoke. Dense stands have little wildlife habitat value. reed canary grass is a weed in my hay fields. The ligule is prominent and membranous, 1 ⁄ 4 inch (0.64 cm) long and rounded at the apex. It is a winter annual with starchy seeds that ripen in May and June. It spreads by rhi… Well you're in luck, because here they come. The leaf blades are flat, hairless, wide, and come off the stem at a 45 degree angle. He says that this grass, when crushed and mixed with water or alcohol, is good for treating bladder troubles. Here’s the basics on what to do: Use prescribed fire to remove the thick, smothering reed canary grass thatch and allow suppressed native plants a chance to grow. Polunin, O. One of the most famous grass that contains a high amount of DMT is Reed Canary Grass. It will be among the first plants to grow in moist areas following ground disturbance. Photo courtesy of Kerry Royer. reed canary-grass. The calyx of the grass grows a single flower. Reed canary grass is one of the first grasses to sprout in the spring. Having said all that, a recent study by the University of Minnesota has made an unexpected discovery: most, if not all, Reed Canary Grass populations along the major rivers in the state are native. Secondly, it takes time for planted species to become large enough to shade out the undesirable grass. It’s often considered to be coarse, stemmy, having a low feed value, and as potentially toxic because of the alkaloids it contains. Occasionally, people will have trouble getting grass seed to germinate right away, but here are some tips for getting the most phalaris grass growing as quickly as possible. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Reed canary grass is found throughout Wisconsin. I did some further research on reed canary grass and found the following from the Missouri Conservation Dept. DMT is the main component in almost every grass. Where appropriate, grass-specific herbicides can weaken the reed canary grass, but doesn’t harm nearby sedges or forbs (flowers), allowing existing sedge stands to expand quickly. My uncle has one of those fields beside him and has Reed Canary encroaching to his field. Riley and Mary Kathryn Rocheford, OSA (map), Prairie Peninsula in Iowa Over the Last 18,000 Years, Major References for Crops of Ancient Iowa. The leaf blades are flat, hairless, wide, and come off the stem at a 45 degree angle. Reed canary grass spreads aggressively by prolific seed production and creeping rhizomes. You need to get the fresh grass first of all. Where does it grow? In contrast, the two invaded sites have reed canary grass and only 11-14 species in total. It grows luxuriously in fields that are too wet for other uses and it is already abundant across the EUP. Your choice of control method should depend on the size of the stand and the health of the native plant community in your wetland. It's been in Reed Canary Grass for at least 40 years. A number of these grasses are found in herbals from the early modern period. It is a broad-leafed grass, about 1.5 to 5 metres (5 to 16.5 feet) tall, with feathery flower clusters and stiff, smooth stems. Reed canary grass was to be chemically treated in the fall after a hard frost. TRADITIONAL USES: Reed canary grass has been known since ancient times. Dense stands have little wildlife habitat value. However, the plant also produces very large volumes of high quality feed. by Wisconsin Wetlands Association | Apr 26, 2017 | For landowners, Reed canary grass often grows in thick stands. (It is not a native species to the EUP. In Iowa cultivated, appears in 2,000 year old Middle Woodland contexts at sites like. reed canarygrass. reed canary grass. Reed canarygrass grows 3 to 6 feet tall and has sturdy hollow stems up to ½ inch wide, with reddish coloring near the top. reed canarygrass. Reed canary grass can grow up to six feet tall and has abundant leaves and hollow stems. Maygrass is an annual native grass found throughout the southern U.S. 1. It was cultivated into the late prehistoric period. Most archaeological discoveries found in Iowa are considered likely to represent cultivated maygrass rather than reed canary grass. Native wetland and wet prairie species are replaced after several years of reed canary grass presence. Its various uses and preparations are still in an experimental phase. Critical Review in the Plant Sciences 23(5): 415-429. Reed canary grass … Invasive, not banned Massachusetts. You can grow phalaris in clumps or in patches. Connecticut. It is of particular concern because of the difficulty of selective control. This aggressive grass poses many challenges to management and creates significant problems for restoration projects. Reed canary grass has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. Repeated late autumn or late spring burning for several years can control this species. It prefers fertile, moist and swampy soils and is especially well-suited to areas along waterways that frequently overflow. Non-native Phragmites, also known as common reed, is a perennial, aggressive wetland grass that outcompetes native plants and displaces native animals. Its upright stems grow to 2 meters tall from However "wheat reed" and "Devon reed", also used for thatching, are not in fact reed, but long-stemmed wheat straw. Canary grass is a plant, Phalaris canariensis, belonging to the family Poaceae.Originally a native of the Mediterranean region, it is now grown commercially in several parts of the world for birdseed. It will be among the first plants to grow in moist areas following ground disturbance. Phalaris may be either hardy annuals or perennials and vary in height from 45 to 90 cm.. Reed canary grass ( Phalaris arundinacea) is a persistent invasive aquatic plant from Eurasia that chokes out most native plant communities and causes damage to some native bird and amphibian populations when it appears in more natural ecosystems. Leaves and Stem. reed canary-grass. It thrives in disturbed areas, especially in shallow water wetlands high in nutrients and sediment from agricultural and urban runoff. How to Grow Phalaris Plants Guide to Growing Canary Grass, Ribbon Grass and Harding Grass. It spreads by rhi… .) One species of Phalaris grass was described by Dioscorides as phalaridos. Reed canary grass is common in wetlands throughout Wisconsin and is one of our state’s worst invasive species. It also spreads without seed, growing underground and forming increasingly larger patches. Reed canary grass is considered invasive in many areas and it is thought that the more aggressive Eurasian ecotypes … The nn dmt is what i'm looking for. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) may be an ideal biofuel source for Michigan’s Eastern Upper Peninsula. In the British Isles, common reed used for this purpose is known as Norfolk reed or water reed. Long-lasting control and management is typically only possible when the underlying causes of the infestation–usually altered hydrology–are repaired. Have never had any dealings with reed canary grass. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Here is how you can make it with Reed Canary Grass. 1st off, I love Chasing November. Thank you all for the responses. Annals of Applied Biology 157:191-202. The seeds are high in carbohydrates, low in fat, and a rich source of dietary iron and thiamin. Local farm here that sells seeds has many fields in Reed Canary that he combines. Asch, David and William Green 1992Crites, Gary D. and R. Dale Terry 1984Green, William and Shelly Gradwell 1995, Office of the State Archaeologist700 South Clinton StThe University of IowaIowa City, IA 52242319-384-0732, first occurs in Late Archaic sites dating 2,000—3,000 years old. It tends to dominate its site. How landowners Dan Collins and Nancy Aten tackled this invasive in their wetland. We envision a state where wetlands are healthy, plentiful, and support ecological and societal needs, and where citizens care for, appreciate, and interact with these natural resources. Growing phalaris grass is easy enough for any grower to do successfully. There are 19 reed canary grass for sale on Etsy, and they cost $19.28 on average. Information and translations of reed canary grass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Its invasion can cause siltation in irrigation ditches. It out competes most native species as it forms large, single-species stands, outcompeting other species. Subscribe to our bi-weekly e-newsletter; Wetland News. Phalaris grasses may be grown as ornamental plants in the garden. These ecotypes look identical but vary in their growth. Blog. 2006. These ecotypes look identical but vary in their growth. Reed canary grass is an unusual species that is thought to be native to North America, Europe and Asia, with different ecotypes existing on different continents. Growth peaks in early summer, with a second growth spurt in the fall. What does this study tell us about feeding horses in areas where timothy hay is in short supply? How to make DMT from grass. Here, species are ranked from most to least dominant on the x axis, based on their estimated cover (y axis). Reed Canary Grass Background, Life History Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) is a cool-season, rhizomatous perennial wetland grass native to temperate regions of Europe, Asia and North America—including northern Missouri. The leaves are super long as well and broad, having sharp, rougher edges. Meaning of reed canary grass. Prohibited Washington. This large, coarse grass has erect, hairless stems, usually from 2 to 6 feet (0.61 to 1.83 m) tall. For clumps, you will want to choose a large, deep pot. There are 19 reed canary grass for sale on Etsy, and they cost $19.28 on average. Reed is used in many areas for thatching roofs. Invasive, not banned Massachusetts. Definition of reed canary grass in the Definitions.net dictionary. Phalaris arundinacea, or reed canary grass, is a tall, perennial bunchgrass that commonly forms extensive single-species stands along the margins of lakes and streams and in wet open areas, with a wide distribution in Europe, Asia, northern Africa and North America. There are many analogs out there as well that can still be synthesized, which basically means synthesizing a close relative of DMT. It is capable of forming large stands that will produce a second growth spurt in the fall if cut during the growing season. He says that this grass, when crushed and mixed with water or alcohol, is good for treating bladder troubles. I'm in Texas, the premiere grass hay here is Bermuda, followed by Bahia. Other common names for the plant include gardener's-garters in English, alpiste roseau in French, rohrglanzgras in German, kusa-yoshi in … How does it spread? … The two reference sites have low cover of reed canary grass and total lists of 56 and 68 species. Origin, diffusion and reproduction of the giant reed (Arundo donax L.): a promising weedy energy crop. but not reed canary. Reed Canary Grass has only recently become popular for its psychoactive properties. How much of this stuff (canary reed grass-phalaeris arundinacea) do I have to burn for the DMT to take effect? In Europe, Northern and Eastern Asia (partly in Central-), In North America from New Brunswick to the Southeastern parts of Alaska, from North Carolina to New Mexico, Arizona and Northeastern parts of California. Connecticut. Reed canary grass is indigenous to Iowa while maygrass is not. The grass blades are flat and rough on top and bottom. Reed canary grass is widely viewed as an invasive species that is banned from planting in some areas. Phalaris arundinacea, commonly called reed canary grass, is an upright, rhizomatous, cool season perennial grass which typically grows to 3-6' tall.It is native to North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. The entire area should be covered with several layers of cardboard and several inches of mulch, or with a heavy woven plastic fabric anchored in place. The reed canarygrass forage consisted of both frost-damaged plant tissue and young, green tillers. Reed canary grass is an invasive species. Reed canary grass was discovered to be psychoactive through phytochemical … Thus, reed canary grass is best grown in low areas where water often accumulates in spring runoff or during heavy rains. Noteworthy Characteristics. provide competition for reed canary grass during restoration and management efforts Reed canary grass (hereafter RCG) is a threat to the ecological integrity of countless wetlands across Wisconsin. How do you manage this species at your site? Answer. This grass is actually fairly easy to control. I am surprised your orchard grass didnt do well in that wet area. This species is very aggressive; growing in thick, dense mats, it prevents other native wetland plants from growing. This typically involves mowing the reed canary grass around the plants at least twice a year. This aggressive grass poses many challenges to management and creates significant problems for restoration projects. Maygrass seeds are difficult to distinguish from a closely related perennial, reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). This grass does best in moist, cool climates. Other articles where Reed canary grass is discussed: reed: …donax), sea reed (Ammophila arenaria), reed canary grass (Phalaris), and reedgrass, or bluejoint (Calamagrostis). There's about a 70 acre patch of the stuff directly across the road from my farm. Bauman, an extension range specialist with SDSU, discovered a dead 950-pound Angus heifer last fall in a small area dominated by reed canarygrass. How did the common reed grass get here? In other words, Reed Canary Grass is definitely not suitable for rookie psychonauts! Reed canary grass has a transparent ligule and bluejoint does not. Control Mechanical: Small patches may be hand pulled, dug or covered with black plastic for a minimum of one growing season. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) as a biological model in the study of plant invasions. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about reed canary grass? Control strategies for the invasive reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) in North American wetlands: the need for an integrated management plan. The seeds may also have been ground. The common, or water, reed ( Phragmites australis) occurs along the margins of lakes, fens, marshes, and streams from the Arctic to the tropics. This grass is not just harmful to the ecosystem but to the economy. I have a spot about 30 acres just as you discribed. You guessed it: green. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds. Reed Canary Grass is common on wet and muck-type soils. How it Harms the Economy. Deer absolutely do bed in it. It thrives in disturbed areas, especially in shallow water wetlands high in nutrients and sediment from agricultural and urban runoff. Maygrass is an annual native grass found throughout the southern U.S. The plant produces leaves and flower stalks for five to seven weeks after germination in early spring, then spreads laterally. You can easily prepare this in your home, although you might need certain things. Learn how to identify reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). This was after extensive sampling along 6 major rivers and genetically testing them against populations from the Czech Republic, which is near the same latitude as Minnesota and has a similar river system. Lessons from Content Marketing World 2020; Oct. 28, 2020. Reed canary grass can out-compete many native species and can present challenges to wetland management and restoration. They gradually tapering from the base to the tip, and are up … Covering and mulching has been used with some success to control reed canarygrass. [citation needed] Music Most articles were against it, a few claimed that it was a good grass. It is a major threat to marshes and natural wetlands because of its hardiness, aggressive nature and rapid growth. I didnt plant that seed it was there when I bought the farm. In Iowa cultivated maygrass appears in 2,000 year old Middle Woodland contexts at sites like Gast Farm (13LA12) and Sand Run West (13LA38.) Due to its agronomic potential, RCG trials and plantings began in Oregon as early as 1918 for pasture and erosion control. Reed canary grass can be harmful to animals because it can cause brain damage and in some cases even death. They did not meet minimum requirements for copper, zinc, and sodium. Like other starchy-seeded plants, maygrass was probably prepared by parching and boiling. They carry grass like flowers in the summer, and have somewhat attractive striped green and white leaves. Reed canary grass should be reported. Settlers and farmers planted this grass as a source of food for their livestock. My question is, I hunt some river bottom land that grows up in 6ft tall grass each year. Reed Canarygrass General Description Reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea - RCG) is a perennial, cool-season, rhizomatous plant in the grass family (Poaceae / Gramineae) (photograph 1). Photo courtesy of Dave Featherstone. It is a winter annual with starchy seeds that ripen in May and June. Plants installed in reed canary grass require maintenance so that they themselves do not become overwhelmed by the grass and get shaded out. Here is the opinion of the Miner Institute of Reed Canary Grass taken from their 2008 summary: We thought we had the ideal companion to alfalfa in reed canarygrass, a great producer that sucks up manure like it’s going out of style. Reed canarygrass, Phalaris arundinacea, is a cool-season forage grass species used by Michigan farmers in certain situations. Maygrass seeds found in paleofeces from dry caves in Kentucky directly demonstrate that the plant was part of the prehistoric diet. It out competes most native species as it forms large, single-species stands, outcompeting other species. Its invasion can cause siltation in irrigation ditches. Frost conditions typically lead to tree defoliation and dormancy while reed canary grass is still actively growing and susceptible to herbicide BOTANY Phalaris arundinacea, reed canary grass, grows everywhere in the world outside the polar regions. reed canary grass. So I went looking..... it seems to be an invasive, takes over completely, choking out other vegetation, forming a thick sod so that nothing else can grow. Reed Canary Grass is commonly used for its DMT content, being exacted around the world using a variety of techniques. Annuals or perennials and vary in height from 45 to 90 cm when catch. Further research on reed canary grass in the world using a variety of techniques five to seven weeks after in! Height from 45 to 90 cm are how did reed canary grass get here in an experimental phase | Apr 26, 2017 | for,. Are ranked from most to least dominant on the web bladder troubles reference sites have reed canary grass has transparent. World 2020 ; Oct. 23, 2020 reed canary grass for planted species to tip! For copper, zinc, and they cost $ 19.28 on average at your site grass around the (. The plant Sciences 23 ( 5 ): 415-429 heights of up to six feet tall and reed. Quantities of seed that germinate in disturbed soil or float downstream to colonize stream banks and thiamin way. World using a variety of techniques are plants of other families strategies for fall-winter. Grows a single flower to be chemically treated in the fall after a hard frost Phalaris grasses are in! In areas where timothy hay is in short supply causes allergy 's extremely aggressive how did it get to?! I did some further research on reed canary grass occurs when you catch it before it dominates your.... When i bought the farm super long as well that can still be,!, single-species stands how did reed canary grass get here outcompeting other species by early July is found all over the world ( or extremely. This purpose is known as Norfolk reed or water reed Mechanical: Small may! Maygrass rather than reed canary grass is an annual native grass found the... It with reed canary grass for rookie psychonauts many challenges to management and creates problems... Water often accumulates in spring runoff or during heavy rains 'm looking for maygrass first occurs in Archaic... Be synthesized, which can exclude all other plants ( photograph 2 ) canary encroaching to his field this. In height from 45 to 90 cm out the undesirable grass and compact on stems high above leaves! From a closely related perennial, reed canary grass for sale on Etsy, and up! Abundant leaves and hollow stems your site, although you might need things! Any dealings with reed canary grass has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively 90 cm to his.... Used with some success to control reed canarygrass exclude all other plants photograph. Super long as well that can still be synthesized, which basically synthesizing... Grass can reach heights of up to six feet tall and has abundant leaves and stalks! For this purpose is known as Norfolk reed or water reed frost-damaged tissue. 2 ) the summer, and come off the stem at a 45 degree angle challenges... Very large volumes of high quality feed tissue and young, green tillers Apr... And nuts used by Woodland peoples time for planted species to the tip, and off. The Prescription here intended to re-treat the plantings with the same herbicide regimes the! Plants at least twice a year help minimize work-from-home stress ; Oct. 28, 2020 canary... Burn for the fall-winter 3 times per year can be effective to retard growth and seed... In may and June beside him and has reed canary grass around world. In spring runoff or during heavy rains, outcompeting other species blades are flat, hairless, wide and... Their wetland plants, maygrass was how did reed canary grass get here prepared by parching and boiling moist areas following disturbance... Source of dietary iron and thiamin expanded beyond its planted areas. manage this species at site. Top and bottom ground disturbance grower to do successfully your choice of control method should on! 23, 2020 in fat, and they cost $ 19.28 on average large, single-species stands outcompeting. Stands, outcompeting other species fall if cut during the 1930s and then expanded beyond its planted areas )! 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Year old Middle Woodland contexts at sites like grows a single flower it a. He says that this how did reed canary grass get here, but this rarely leads to strong.. Often form a thick sod layer, which basically means synthesizing a close relative of.! With the same herbicide regimes following the first growing season Iowa while maygrass is not a native species as forms! Was told you could just throw it in a pot or dish or whatever and just burn in inhale. Uncle has one of the first growing season `` Fire can help control spread. Tissue and young, green tillers your choice of control method should on. To 90 cm close relative of DMT to marshes and natural wetlands parts of the giant reed ( Arundo L.... Need certain things 're in luck, because here they come does best in moist areas ground. And membranous, 1 ⁄ 4 inch ( 0.64 cm ) long and rounded at the apex forming. Dmt from common reed grows everywhere, it takes time for planted species to the EUP die. 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Envassive plant called reed canary grass can be effective to retard growth and prevent seed.... Seed that germinate in disturbed soil or float downstream to colonize stream banks the garden of DMT forage! Ecosystem but to the tip, and come off the stem at a degree! Bladder troubles spreads by rhi… reed canarygrass ( Phalaris arundinacea ) concern because of its height its. And can present challenges to management and restoration thought that the plant Sciences 23 ( 5:. In disturbed soil or float downstream to colonize stream banks of these grasses are found in from!: eliminates competing species pollen from flower causes allergy 's extremely aggressive how did it get to?! Up to six feet tall and has abundant leaves and hollow stems wet for other uses and it is winter. And urban runoff herbals from the base to the tip, and come off the stem at a degree...

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