This features of ecommerce has led to a wide scope of Intellectual Property transactions, especially the copyright works in the digital world and thus raise the challenges of protection of the same in the digital world. The central feature of globalization is therefor the geographical distance is of a declining relevance and the territorial boundaries, such as those between nation states are becoming less significant” [1] . This aspect of globalisation has a wider impact on the global commerce were the advances in technology have led to an integration and interconnectedness of the global economy. Copies are made cheap and the distributions of the same are done at a greater pace in the digital world. Competition in global industries, Boston: Harvard Business School Press. As the role of time changes, so will the structure of business and social activities, causing potentially large impacts. These treaties transfer power to business corporates and the national governments find themselves in a situation were they can’t protect the interest of their own citizens. In the present scenario we can see the business world is transitioning from a physical reality based on atoms to a digital one of bits [6] .The term commerce is viewed by some as transactions conducted between business partners. Issues of E-Commerce Social Issues. [10]. Scope of e-commerce use also leads to greater firm performance of all three types. The internet worked eBusiness enterprise enables managers, business professionals, teams, and workgroups to electronically exchange data and information anywhere in the world with other end users, customers, suppliers, and business partners. These situations led to creation of stringent laws were more powers were given to the publishers and freedoms of the public are being taken away to a large extent. The Passing of Digital Millennium Copyright Act by the US can be cited in this context. The once limited strategic use of information technology became widespread. In the age of printing press copyright was a restriction on the publishers and authors rather than on the readers. Here we discuss the social and economic impact of e-Commerce on society, and the main advantages and disadvantages. Another argument put forth in this context is that the sovereignty of the state is compromised to strong and powerful private entities .It is possible that the prevalence of such writings in the literature is a response to the movement toward harmonization and stronger intellectual property protections and an attempt to ensure that some of the less heard voices are expressed. Company Registration No: 4964706. The concept of copyright itself witnessed a drastic change along with the development of technology. We find that globalization leads to both greater scope of e-commerce use and improved performance, measured as efficiency, coordination, and market impacts. In the civil law tradition copyright works are treated as an author’s natural human rights, or part of one’s right of personality. The Internet is a network of networks. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? One of the main champions of this law was Disney. Business-to-business eCommerce is the largest gold rush international commerce has seen for decades. Traditional intermediary functions will be replaced, new products and markets will be developed, and new and far closer relationships will be created between business and consumers. The kinds of works covered by copyright include literary works such as novels, poems, plays, reference works, newspapers, and computer programs; databases; films, musical compositions, and choreography; artistic works such as paintings, drawings, photographs and sculpture; architecture; and advertisements, maps, and technical drawings [11] . 1. potential invasion of privacy) in the economy and society. Tens of millions of small and midsize enterprises worldwide have turned themselves into exporters by joining e-commerce marketplaces such as Alibaba, Amazon, eBay, Flipkart, and Rakuten. We tested for response bias in our data set because our sample consists of both IS and non-IS managers and executives, since IS managers may be positively biased when rating the impacts of e-commerce on firm performance due to their higher level of investment in the technology. Copyright motivates the creative activity of authors and thereby provides the public with the products of those creators. Despite the hype, the reality is that e-commerce is still in a state of flux globally, and there are great uncertainties as to the specific forms (“dominant designs” [Utterback, 1996]) that e-commerce applications will eventually take, and what their long-term You can view samples of our professional work here. Effects of Globalization to E-Commerce Globalization has affected political, economic and social aspects which transformed the way people conduct business. This will have a profound impact, not the least of which will be the erosion of economic and geographic boundaries. Conceptually, we felt that including both internal and external measures of firm globalization strengthened the measure by making it more multidimensional. Ecommerce transforms the marketplace: ecommerce is changing the way business is conducted. The rapid growth of the Internet and associated technologies have created a new business environment and opened up numerous new possibilities for conducting and managing businesses. Information and communication technology (ICT) is one of the major factors in generating wealth and sustainable economic growth because by applying newer technologies businesses become more competent, can access new markets and more employment opportunities … The economic pressures and the growing international significance of copyright have led to new laws. Looking for a flexible role? In the recent years, the Indian court shows growing concern and willingness to enforce intellectual property rights. The US threatens the developing nations to go against their own interest. The law which was passed in US in the year 1998 that extended the copyright protection for twenty more years was called the “Mickey Mouse Copyright Extension Act”. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. We also felt that combining the endogenous and exogenous items into a single measure was appropriate since the index is more reliable with all five items than excluding the exogenous international competitive pressure variable (the alpha score without this item is only .65). People will increasingly have the ability to communicate and transact business anywhere, anytime. These new laws are overwhelmingly in furtherance of expanding protection, easier protection, and longer protection. Developed from information technology and network technology e-commerce expands the connotation and extension of the world market and changes the traditional way of trading. This paper examines the impacts of globalization on ecommerce and firm performance as the process of globalization has preceded the adoption of the Internet and e-commerce in time. We find that globalization leads to both greater scope of e-commerce use and improved performance, measured as efficiency, coordination, and market impacts. The use of IT to conduct business online is known as Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce). Role of eCommerce in Business. To achieve the same the copyright laws has to undergo drastic changes. Reference this. This research is part of the Globalization and E-Commerce Project of the Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations (CRITO) at the University of California, Irvine. Globalization and E-Commerce: Singapore 11-01 4 still at an early, immature stage. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Globalization And The Impacts Of E Commerce. In addition, they’re also extending the duration of the copyright. M C G ANN, K ING AND L YYTINEN /G LOBALIZATION OF E-C OMMERCE Globalization of E-Commerce: Growth and Impacts in the United States of America Introduction The United States (US) is the economic and commercial epicenter of the world. Globalization and E-Commerce One of the most beneficial aspects of globalization for businesses is that companies can now take skills and knowledge from across the globe and widen their horizon which leads to increased collaboration and breakthrough innovations. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. 3. Secondly there arises the question of law that can be made available to the disputes and finally the recognition and enforcement of judgements in courts in foreign jurisdictions. Earlier the copyright laws were used to restrict the publishers and to protect the authors now in the present scenario copyright laws are used to restrict the public for the sake of publishers. Throughout history, the US has set the benchmark for the es tablishment of new modes of conducting commerce, In the current environment it is seen that globalisation is carried out by a number of policies that are done in the name of economic efficiency or free trade treaties. Ecommerce alters the relative importance of time: Many of the routines that help define the look and feel of the economy and society are a function of time: mass production is the fastest way of producing at the lowest cost; one’s community tends to be geographically determined because time is a determinant of proximity. Access will shift away from personal computers to cheap and easy-to-use TVs and telephones to devices yet to be invented. Today, in all aspects of our daily lives, the … 1986. So the publishers are purchasing laws to give themselves more power. It is an accepted reality that strong Copyright protection hinders the development of a country. They are based on notions of sovereignty and territoriality. There are economic challenges in e-commerce when crossing international borders. This has led to the standardization of Intellectual Property laws and demand for greater protection. [Google Scholar] thesis that upstream business activities (namely, B2B) are more global while downstream business activities (B2C) are more local or multidomestic. There exist two different traditions with regard to copyrighted works such as common law and the civil law. However, getting a constitutional amendment would be rather difficult, so they found an easier way that achieves the same result. Other important issues include how rights are enforced and administered in this environment; who in the chain of dissemination of infringing material can be held legally responsible for the infringement; and questions of jurisdiction and applicable law. Globalization and E-Commerce: Diffusion and Impact in Germany 4 standards. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The impacts of globalization can be categorized as follows: ECONOMIC IMPACTS: 1. In this context this paper attempts to analyse the evolution of Ecommerce in the background of globalisation and its implications on the Copyright laws. Internet and other digital technologies raise new issues for copyright law because they permit new ways of creating, using, and duplicating works of authorship. The test showed that there were no statistically significant differences between these two groups on any of the items except one, “international sales increased.” Thus we conclude that the responses from the two groups do not differ significantly in terms of the sample mean and sample distribution. In this context it is worth to discuss the implications of globalisation of information and its impact on intellectual property laws. [7]. 4. Likewise, many sectorial trends already underway, such as e-banking, direct booking of travel, and one-to-one marketing, are accelerated by ecommerce. One of the most vital processes of the last several decades has been the emergence and development of the process of globalisation. The main way in which e commerce will affect the economy, in general, is its impact on... E commerce Today. Impact of e-Commerce On Society: Advantages and Disadvantages Role of eCommerce in Business. So the result is, at any given time, copyright nominally lasts for a certain period and any given copyright will nominally expire someday. The most obvious signs of globalization that impacted E-Commerce is on the three dimensions: discipline in the global market, financial contents and economic network. The evolution of ecommerce in the context of globalisation had a widespread impact on the Intellectual Property copyrights. E Commerce opens a channel of global business, which will witness incremental business in days to come. Through the advances in technology, it is easier to communicate and travel internationally and also that the speed at which these things are accomplished has greatly increased [2] . 2. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Information Technology Earlier studies of EDI and e-commerce have mainly studied either adoption or “intent to adopt.” This was primarily due to the fact that these studies were conducted early on in the adoption of the technology and researchers were trying to understand the factors that might lead to adoption. Companies and workgroups can thus collaborate more creatively, manage their business operations and resources more effectively, and compete successfully in today’s fast-changing global economy [9] . Users can access the Internet from almost any place on earth. The copyright treaties that were designed in the in the 90’s begin to impose copyright throughout the world in more powerful and restrictive way. In the digital world copies can be made cheaply and distributed widely by individuals. It is very easy for users to download information from other peoples’ sites and in many cases this activity is not easily monitored. The Internet is made up of millions of sites with millions of users potentially viewing those sites daily. In order to prevent the infringement of copyright in the digital world various methods have been adopted. Old traditions about the cost structure and geographic limits of networked systems turn out to be irrelevant and it became easy to form a worldwide system quickly and inexpensively. Materials protected by copyright and related rights constitute much of the valuable subject matter of ecommerce. Thus, under this system, the protection of an author’s moral rights is as essential as the corresponding protection of his/her economic rights. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Greater Number of Jobs : The advent of foreign companies and growth in economy has led to job creation. The Internet, digital technologies and the evolution of E-commerce (Electronic Commerce) raised new challenges for the Intellectual property right holders in the digital world. Registered in England & Wales No. The unique feature of digitized information is that they travel through various countries and jurisdictions before reaching its final destination. Culture has a lot to with the contemporary way of life, so globalization has a great impact on the consumers (David, 1996). If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! 28th Apr 2017 In the globalised era of information it is observed that the publishers are compelling the governments to amend the copyright laws to give themselves more power. Global e-commerce has been a boon for individual consumers and small businesses who may not have... Economic Issues. The UNDP human development report [4] explains that “the fusion of computing and communications especially through the internet has broken the bounds of cost, time and distance launching an era of global information networking”. E-commerce offers a different mode of performing trade throughout the world … Copyright is a legal term describing rights given to creators for their literary and artistic works. International Economic Cooperation Economic cooperation between countries in the world is also a contributing factor to globalization. The growth of digital information in the background of globalisation has a wider impact on the domestic and international intellectual property regimes. One of the significant characteristic of globalisation is the “Time- space compression”. [17]. In a nutshell the benefits of Ecommerce are, they offer personalization, high quality customer service and improved supply-chain management. This creates the major challenge in the present scenario for copyright holders. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! This can be assumed from the speech delivered by Richard Stallman were he points out, “The U.S. Constitution says that copyright must last for a limited time, but the publishers want copyright to last forever. We focus on firms already using e-commerce, so it is appropriate for us to study scope and type of use rather than adoption or intent to adopt. Ecommerce is reducing the importance of time by speeding up production cycles, allowing firms to operate in close coordination and enabling consumers to conduct transactions around the clock. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. We use cookies to improve your website experience. This situation has a wide-ranging impact on the right of copyright holders’ because they permit new ways of creating, using, and duplicating works of authorship. E-Commerce reduces the time between the outlay of capital and the receipt of products and services. Modern technologies have moreover facilitated a scale and speed of communication that is unprecedented [3] . The limitations of networked systems like the cost structure and that related to geographical limits became irrelevant. The economic power that stems from joining a large network will help to ensure that new standards remain open. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. There are further digital copyright issues yet to be successfully addressed in the world of ecommerce. The findings show that Globalization has differential effects on business to business and business to customer e-commerce, however highly global … This has been called “perpetual copyright on the instalment plan.” [18]. 3. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. However, these jobs are concentrated more in the services sector and this has led to rapid growth of service sector creating problems for individuals with low level of education. All work is written to order. Similar laws were passed in Australia and European countries as well. This facet of globalisation has a wider impact on the global commerce were the developments in technology have resulted in an integration and interconnectedness of the global overall economy. Our findings provide support for Porter's (1986) Porter, M. E., ed. *You can also browse our support articles here >. More importantly, openness has emerged as a strategy, with many of the most successful eCommerce ventures granting business partner and consumers unparallel access to their inner workings, abases, and personnel. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. In the 1990s the information technology led to a new revolution through the commercialization of internet. [8] Businesses have become internet worked eBusiness enterprises. The Effects Of E Commerce On Global Trade. These treaties are drafted in such a way to empower the Business corporates over laws and policies. Foundation under grant 0085852 the information technology led to new laws the of., high quality customer service and improved supply-chain management as digital economy, in contrast, like movement! And international intellectual property law in particular broad themes for a better understanding of eCommerce in felid! 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