Each escalation of U.S involvement in the war brought with it a new wave of student protest. At 10:35 pm, a bonfire was set off in Perfect Park, and protestors began marching through IV to gain members for a march on the ROTC. “Peace Committee ROTC Clash on ‘Academic’ Debate”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/tq57ns101, [(Hankins, J. Timeline: Vietnam War and Protests From the Collection: Vietnam War. “Non-Violent revolt asked by pacifist”, Though Baez’s non-violent rhetoric resonated with many UCSB students, frustration with the war and the rise of organized student activism in the 1960s mobilized thousands of UCSB students. These protests were attended by American pacifists commemorating the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of the Second World War. May. Vietnam War protests at the Pentagon, October 1967. We don't want your fucking war!" Required fields are marked *. 1966, October 20). This was also located on the main road from northern South Vietnam into the country of Laos. https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/t148fj11g. Vietnam War Protests. 947 Views Program ID: 322373-1 Category: Vignette Format: Vignette Location: Madison, Wisconsin, United States. “A Defence of ROTC”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/r494vm27z, [(Krend, J. Many students viewed protests against the military institution as unjust and unsubstantiated. 1967 was filled with both peaceful and violent student protests. Discuss with students how the Vietnam War led to a great deal of public protest in the U.S. [(“New Draft Policy”, University of California, Santa Barbara, Student Organizations Collection, Box 4). Major Bailey told the Daily Nexus in 1967 that the ROTC faculty members would “jump at the chance to discuss the issues with anyone willing to take the time…Pacifist attacks such as those witnessed here recently do not help matters any” (1971, November 3), https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/bg257g27q, [(Samuelsen, M. 1967, October 3). Joan Baez was a part of the outspoken liberal minority that had been speaking out against U.S involvement in Vietnam since the beginning of the conflict. As that conflict escalated, the protests grew in strength, and some turned violent. Learn how your comment data is processed. The Vietnam War was characterized by so many protests that it can be confidently argued that the protests marked the greatest anti-war movement in the history of the United States. “Joan Baez describes Non Violence School”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/mp48sd947, [(Shelton, J. UArch 101. When Nixon and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger further escalated the war through implementing Operation Linebacker in 1972, UCSB students grew furious. While there is no one right answer for why the U.S. lost the war in Vietnam, Additionally, reactions to the anti-war protests demonstrated the wide range of political opinions that have always been present on the UCSB campus, and how social unrest can facilitate meaningful debate. Protests against the war also accelerated. Panelists talked about the Vietnam anti-war movement. Additionally, reactions to the anti-war protests demonstrated the wide range of political opinions that have always been present on the UCSB campus, and how social unrest can facilitate meaningful debate. Javascript must be enabled in order to access C-SPAN videos. UCSB students expressed their vehement anger towards U.S foreign policy through a series of violent protests in 1967, causing thousands of dollars worth of property damage in Isla Vista and the temporary shutdown of the Santa Barbara Airport. Department of Special Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library, University of California, Santa Barbara. One of the primary debates within the UCSB student body was regarding the rights of the ROTC. “ROTC Dispute Rages on”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/9s161716b. Anti-war slogans w… A large part of the UCSB student body, however, did not view these forums as adequate measures to protest the Johnson administration’s foreign policy measures. m NBC and CBS, mirroring the American public’s growing opposition to the Vietnam war. As rocks were being thrown back and forth, the ROTC threw a total of five canisters of tear gas into the crowd on Pardall. So did those of us active in the struggle against the Vietnam War. The musical and movie “Hair” contrasted the death culture of the Vietnam War with an idealized hippie culture of peace. The scope and intensity of the protests were major factors driving Johnson’s “Committee of Wise Men” to tell him in early 1968 that he had to end the War. May 1965. Images and video of the devastation and brutality of both sides of the war were readily available to the public, and they were ammunition for the movement. [(Shelton, J. PhotoQuest / Getty Images By 10:00 pm, when students realized a fence stood between them and the highway, they began walking back to IV, telling police officers they wanted no confrontation. During Fall Quarter of 1967, The Daily Nexus and El Gaucho were covered with letters to the editor about how the ROTC should handle student activism, and whether or not the ROTC should be considered for academic credit. In fact, the 10-year movement was a complex phenomenon that evolved strategically as circumstances changed. Anti Vietnam Protests. Moving forward, an exhausted president, a heightened presence, and protests happening all over the country led us to 1968. The violence of these riots resulted in one person falling from a three-story building, while 13 others were arrested. At 10:35 pm, a bonfire was set off in Perfect Park, and protestors began marching through IV to gain members for a march on the ROTC. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Department of Special Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library, University of California, Santa Barbara. While most of these opinions were made public through the Daily Nexus, a group of students and Santa Barbara citizens formed an organization called “Friends of the ROTC”, which defended the military group’s role on campus (see below). “One officer was hit by a can and knocked down…two students climbed on top of the building, and 10 students were eventually allowed to enter the building to speak with Army Officers” (Daily Nexus, May 10 1972). No confrontational or violent incidents occurred. The Student Peace Committee was a prominent voice in the ROTC debate. In May of 1970, four students were killed by Ohio National Guard troops on the campus of Kent State University in Ohio during a protest. Marxer led a class on US policy in Vietnam beginning in the 1967 school year. The magnitude of this strike delivered an ultimatum to the U.S government, warning that if the U.S extends the invasion in Southeast Asia, turmoil will ensue on the home front. With time, however, troops in Vietnam grew to more than half a million Americans. “2,500 shut down S.B. Protests were initially peaceful and included sit-ins or teach-ins or marches, but they eventually erupted into violence. ; 1963. Anti Vietnam Protests The first organised protests against the Vietnam War took place in both New York and Philadelphia during August 1963. Patrick Quinn, David Maraniss, and Mayor Paul Soglin talked about the Vietnam War Protests in Madison, Wisconsin, during the 1960s. Vietnam War Protests. The Santa Barbara airport protestors received national news coverage fro. Common Slogans and Chants. University of California, Santa Barbara, Associated Students Records. Thousands rallied against the war in notable public actions between 1967 and 1971. The events that occurred during these years at UCSB reflected the anger, disappointment, and frustration of students with the U.S government’s decisions. The first protests against U.S. involvement in Vietnam were in 1945, when United States Merchant Marine sailors condemned the U.S. government for the use of U.S. merchant ships to transport European troops to "subjugate the native population" of Vietnam. We will be discussing the background information of the Vietnam War, and analyze the music and protests that spurred one of the largest social protests in the 20th century. As police officers continued to drive through the crowds, one woman parked on Hollister told the Daily Nexus “Well they must have been [beating protestors], didn’t you hear the screaming?”. The extensive US bombing campaigns were a focal point for protesters, with anti-Vietnam war groups organising mobilisations against the war in major towns and cities. By 10:00 pm, when students realized a fence stood between them and the highway, they began walking back to IV, telling police officers they wanted no confrontation. As police officers continued to drive through the crowds, one woman parked on Hollister told the Daily Nexus “Well they must have been [beating protestors], didn’t you hear the screaming?”. A police car then sped directly towards the back of the marching group and swerved off the road, injuring and arresting protestors. MP3 audio - Standard Student Protests Campus unrest is one of the most-remembered aspects of the Vietnam War era, as students became increasingly involved in a number of social and political movements. Purchase a Download Vietnam War Protests. Fifty years ago, anti-war demonstrators took a … Vietnam Protests South Vietnam Vietnam Veterans Vietnam History Vietnam War Photos American War American History Good Morning Vietnam Combat Medic Que Son Valley, South of Da Nang, 1968 South Vietnam, January, 1968: Unavoidably out of uniform, Spec. College students played an indispensable role in the anti-Vietnam war movement during the 1970s, and UCSB was no exception. Since the end of the war, the Vietnam War has become a benchmark for what not to do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts. While 1,200 members of Santa Barbara’s social elite dined with Reagan, the demonstrators (mostly from UCSB) sang and chanted outside. For instance, the previously inactive Young Americans for Freedom group mobilized in 1965 in order to protest SFPA actions on campus. Like their counterparts overseas, local protestors espoused moral objections to New Zealand’s participation in the Vietnam War, including opposition to the weapons and tactics being engaged, and their impact on innocent civilians. Behind the Anti-War Protests That Swept America in 1968 Anti-war demonstrators picketing in front of the White House on Jan. 19, 1968. It was during this period that widespread disillusionment with the war began reaching the general American public. When the Nixon administration approved the U.S invasion of Cambodia in 1970, rising anti-war sentiments coalesced into an unprecedented national student strike. Though Baez’s non-violent rhetoric resonated with many UCSB students, frustration with the war and the rise of organized student activism in the 1960s mobilized thousands of UCSB students. The Santa Barbara airport protestors received national news coverage from NBC and CBS, mirroring the American public’s growing opposition to the Vietnam war. Included in this collection are materials about anti-Vietnam War protests -- the November Action Coalition, 1969, and the National Student Strike Rally, May 1970 -- and declarations of women's solidarity with the oppressed and victimized people of the Third World. 1967 was filled with both peaceful and violent student protests. When the group was confronted by the ROTC, a protestor drove his car directly into the line of ROTC members. October also marked the first of many rallies in opposition to the war, which in turn sparked the first student conflicts regarding the morality of America’s involvement in Vietnam. ], [(“University Committee on War and Peace”, University of California, Santa Barbara, Student Organizations Collection, Box 10). As opposition to the Vietnam War grew, protests erupted in communities and college campuses across the United States. Joan Baez was a part of the outspoken liberal minority that had been speaking out against U.S involvement in Vietnam since the beginning of the conflict. 1966, October 20). Protests, marches, and calls to action were ubiquitous around campus. Protests against the Vietnam War did not start when America declared her open involvement in the war in 1964.America rallied to the call of the commander-in-chief and after the Gulf of Tonkin incident it became very apparent that few would raise protests against the decision to militarily support South Vietnam. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, was fought between America and the Communist forces in Vietnam. The ROTC was voluntarily established at UCSB shortly after World War II and provided a way for male students during this period to fulfill their military obligations. Student protests, both peaceful and violent, erupted across America as the U.S Army continually invaded and bombed Southeast Asia beginning in 1965. When the group was confronted by the ROTC, a protestor drove his car directly into the line of ROTC members. Despite a brief upsurge in protests following and resumption of the air war against North Vietnam in the spring of 1972, the factionalization of the movement and the withdrawal of most U.S. forces led to a decline in protests. Daily Nexus). The protests were sparked early in the 1960’s, during which they were based in colleges and large cities. The protests were enormously influential in convincing Johnson to not run for re-election in 1968. Panelists included former anti-war activist Tom Hayden, historian Marilyn…, Leslie Bellais talked about some of the artifacts related to the August 24, 1970 bombing at Sterling Hall on the University of Wisconsin…, Amy Rosebrough visited Madison, Wisconsin’s, Native American Effigy Mounds and talked about what they reveal about the early cultures…, Jim Webb and David Maraniss talked about the major military, political and diplomatic developments in the Vietnam War during…, https://images.c-span.org/Files/485/20141116142944003_hd.jpg, © 2020 National Cable Satellite Corporation. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ], [(Matson, R. 1971, November 3). Not only could it not be won, the protests were tearing the country apart. Beginning in May of 1965, students protested and discussed the war in every way imaginable. The Vietnam War dominated the mid-to-late sixties and taught American elected officials the limits of their powers and their failure to play the role of an international patrol. Joan Baez, a widely known folk songwriter and activist, came to UCSB in October of 1966 to speak in David Arnold’s Sociology 128 class about the war in Vietnam, non-violence, and taking political action. Perspectives on the ROTC debate took on many forms. Then, have a look at this photo history of the Vietnam War, and these iconic 1960s photos. When student protestors began attacking the ROTC during the height of the war, many students defended the military program, claiming that ROTC officers were facing injustice and stereotyping. Your email address will not be published. Students participated through draft resistance, engaging in faculty discussions, attending teach-ins, and joining organizations such as the Student Peace Committee (see below). The protests against the Vietnam War were a series of demonstrations against American involvement in the conflict between North and South Vietnam. Here are some we recommend that will help you with your search for causes, … As the war in Vietnam raged on, music at home in the United States showed its displeasure for what was taking place overseas. “Viet Nam protest today; vigil stirs counter-pickets”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/h128nf83m, Joan Baez, a widely known folk songwriter and activist, came to UCSB in October of 1966 to speak in. Share: Copy Link. Another Mother for Peace group founded. Dates of the Vietnam War: 1959 -- April 30, 1975 Also Known As: American War in Vietnam, the Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War, War Against the Americans to … When student protestors began attacking the ROTC during the height of the war, many students defended the military program, claiming that ROTC officers were facing injustice and stereotyping. The ROTC was voluntarily established at UCSB shortly after World War II and provided a way for male students during this period to fulfill their military obligations. They also triggered a … Protests against the war furthermore paved the way for imagining a better world, one in which people cared for each another and lived in peace. “The Time to Act is Now.”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/3x816n74p, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/rj4305584, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/bk128b88g, 1965, October 15). David Arnold’s Sociology 128 class about the war in Vietnam, non-violence, and taking political action. They marched throughout campus and into Oglesby’s History of California class in Campbell Hall, gathering more and more students as they went. University of California, Santa Barbara, Associated Students Records. Anti-Vietnam war protests in England and Australia; September 21. The media played a significant role in opposition to the Vietnam War in the United States. Major Bailey told the Daily Nexus in 1967 that the ROTC faculty members would “jump at the chance to discuss the issues with anyone willing to take the time…Pacifist attacks such as those witnessed here recently do not help matters any” (1971, November 3) Daily Nexus. Remind students that some protests were due to the conditions of war in general (SDS) and some were based on specific events such as the invasion of Cambodia. Amid the chaos of the Vietnam War across the Pacific Ocean and the protests at home, a conflict in the Bay Area proved inevitable. The first organised protests against the Vietnam War took place in both New York and Philadelphia during August 1963. One of the primary debates within the UCSB student body was regarding the rights of the ROTC. Finally, check out some of the most incredible Woodstock photos that will transport you back to 1969. The debates, teach-ins, rallies, and protests that took place on campus are testaments to the abilities of young people to enact meaningful change. By 2:00 am the demonstrators had dispersed, (Cline, V. 1972, May 10). “Riot damage in Tuesday action at approximately $6,000”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/g445cf259, [(Randall, T. 1972, May 10). was chanted repeatedly at demonstrations throughout the U.S. in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In early 1966, the escalation of the war in Vietnam continued. Before the Isla Vista rally later that day, about 250 students confronted 25 ROTC officers at the ROTC building. 1967, October 31). Next, be sure read about how Henry Kissinger and Richard Nixon prolonged the Vietnam War. A police car then sped directly towards the back of the marching group and swerved off the road, injuring and arresting protestors. College students played an indispensable role in the anti-Vietnam war movement during the 1970s, and UCSB was no exception. *This transcript was compiled from uncorrected Closed Captioning. The day after the bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong, students shut down the Santa Barbara airport, resulting in the cancelation of all flights for that day. 1972, May 10). These protests were attended by American pacifists commemorating the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of the Second World War. UArch 101. After the increased presence of American troops in Vietnam, the public grew more restless, and protests becam… The validity of the UCSB Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) was being brought into question during this time as well, since many students believed its actions should be more accommodating to protestors. Prior to the occupation of the Military and Naval Sciences building, staff had also joined in on the discussion of the Vietnam War and the protests by students. The Vietnam antiwar movement was the first mass movement against a war in American history and one of its great moral crusades, yet most Americans recall only enormous protests and social chaos. Some protests advocated for Civil Rights, while many sought to put an end to the Vietnam War. Intrigued by this look at Vietnam War protests? Here are some of the many postings reminding students of the urgency of protest and circumstances of the war: In October of 1965, Students for Free Political Action (SFPA) sponsored the first teach-ins, movie screenings, and speeches from nationally recognized activists at UCSB. University of California, Santa Barbara, Associated Students Records. Most notably, Charles Marxer, a visiting professor had sympathized with students’ grievances. “‘Friends of ROTC’ Formed by Santa Barbara Citizens”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/ww72bc81w, [(Russ, B. 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