Had he become America's most notorious traitor. He joined the growing army outside Boston and distinguished himself through acts of intelligence and bravery. However, today, Arnold is remembered not as a hero, but as the biggest traitor in the American history. While there, he disentangled himself from a lawsuit over an unpaid debt that Peggy had been fighting while he was away, paying £900[a] to settle a £12,000[a] loan that he had taken while living in Philadelphia. He was brought up on charges and court-martialed in May 1779. The most famous, or infamous, traitor in American history was Major General Benedict Arnold—a brilliant officer, a whirlwind hero, a trusted military comrade of George Washington's. [87], Benedict Arnold next wrote a series of letters to Clinton, even before he might have expected a response to the 7 July letter. I've often wondered what the big deal was about Benedict Arnold, and why he became so hated. He grew up in a household for 6. His company marched northeast the following month to assist in the siege of Boston that followed the Battles of Lexington and Concord. By the following summer, Arnold was providing the British with troop locations, as well as the locations of supply depots. Unfortunately, his commanding officer, general Horatio Gates, received most of the credit for Arnold's victories. [36], During these actions, Arnold made a number of friends and a larger number of enemies within the army power structure and in Congress. He later said in his own defense that he was loyal to his true beliefs, yet he lied at the same time by insisting that Peggy was totally innocent and ignorant of his plans. Arnold joined the Sons of Liberty, a secret organization opposed to Parliament’s taxing laws. Directed by Seymour Robbie. He was apprenticed to a pharmacist relative; his mother died four years later. [77] Furthermore, Patriot mobs were scouring Philadelphia for Loyalists, and Arnold and the Shippen family were being threatened. From psychological wounds received in his Connecticut childhood when his alcoholic father squandered the family's fortunes? [111], On his return to New York in June, Arnold made a variety of proposals for attacks on economic targets to force the Americans to end the war. The treasonous actions of Arnold are legendary in the United States. Benedict Arnold, a prominent U.S. army officer, secretly arranged with British Major John Andre to hand over West Point to the British. Arnold gained access to even more sensitive information when he assumed command of West Point in August 1780. Gates and Arnold argued over how to stop the British army. In an ironic twist, Heron went into New York unaware of the significance of the letter and offered his own services to the British as a spy. He did, however, investigate its extent, and suggested that he was willing to exchange André for Arnold during negotiations with General Clinton concerning André's fate. [2][136] A historical marker in Danvers, Massachusetts commemorates Arnold's 1775 expedition to Quebec. In 1785, Arnold and his son Richard moved to New Brunswick, Canada, where they established a West Indies trade. He presided over the rear of the Continental Army during its retreat from Saint-Jean, where he was reported by James Wilkinson to be the last person to leave before the British arrived. A Benedict Arnold is a traitor, someone who has been revered or been elevated to a place of trust and has betrayed that trust. And at West Point, Arnold’s name was erased from a series of monuments that honor the generals of the Revolutionary War. When word of British surrender reached New York, Arnold requested leave to return to England with his family, which he did in December 1781. [88], On 3 August 1780, Arnold obtained command of West Point. He had his leg crudely set, rather than allowing it to be amputated, leaving it 2 inches (5 cm) shorter than the right. She exerted powerful influence on her husband, who is said to have been his own man but who actually was swayed by his staff and certainly by his wife. The idiom Benedict Arnold is an American term and has been in use since shortly after the Revolutionary War. Benedict XVI served as pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013. His date of birth is recorded in the Gregorian calendar as 14 January 1741 because of the change from Julian to Gregorian calendar and the change of the beginning of the year from 25 March to 1 January. Arnold mingled with Loyalist sympathizers in Philadelphia and married into one such family by marrying Peggy Shippen. Clinton refused this suggestion; after a military tribunal, André was hanged at Tappan, New York on 2 October. Four days later, Arnold sent a ciphered letter with similar content into New York through the services of the wife of a prisoner of war. [31] The household was dominated by Arnold's sister Hannah, even while Margaret was alive. Benedict Arnold was one of the greatest American generals in the history of America. [23], The Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765 severely curtailed mercantile trade in the colonies. Arnold lost most of his siblings to yellow fever, calamitous events that triggered alcoholism in his father. [49] However, he interpreted the manner in which they did so as an act of sympathy for his wounds, and not an apology or recognition that they were righting a wrong. [122] The most serious of these was a slander suit which he won against a former business partner; and following this, townspeople burned him in effigy in front of his house, as Peggy and the children watched. Arnold was born in Norwich, Connecticut, on January 14, 1741. Arnold had three sons with Margaret Mansfield:[153][154], For other people named Benedict Arnold, see, Raids in Virginia and Connecticut colonies, One British pound in 1776 would be worth about £160 in 2019. [121] The family moved to Saint John in 1787, where Arnold created an uproar with a series of bad business deals and petty lawsuits. [citation needed]. Benedict Arnold: Benedict Arnold grew up comfortably in Norwich, Connecticut during the 1740s and early 1750s. Ethan Allen led the Green Mountain Boys to capture Fort Ticonderoga during the American Revolutionary War. [41] In February 1777, he learned that he had been passed over by Congress for promotion to major general. [48] Burgoyne surrendered ten days after the second battle on 17 October 1777. It was General Arnold. Benedict Arnold saw in Peggy Shippen the same desire for the good things of this world that burned at the core of his own restless being. Nathan Hale was an American soldier during the Revolutionary War and was hanged by the British for espionage in 1776. [56], Arnold lived extravagantly in Philadelphia and was a prominent figure on the social scene. [13] In 1757 when he was 16, he did enlist in the Connecticut militia, which marched off toward Albany, New York and Lake George. [137] Social historian Brian Carso notes that, as the 19th century progressed, the story of Arnold's betrayal was portrayed with near-mythical proportions as a part of the national history. A Connecticut militia force arrived at Ticonderoga in June; Arnold had a dispute with its commander over control of the fort, and resigned his Massachusetts commission. Washington Irving used it as part of an argument against dismemberment of the union in his 1857 Life of George Washington, pointing out that the unity of New England and the southern states which led to independence was made possible in part by holding West Point. Arnold became prosperous but grew frustrated with the British trade restrictions and taxes. After fleeing to the enemy side, Arnold received a commission with the British army and served in several minor engagements against the Americans. Timeline of Benedict Arnold with 15 important facts; May 1780 To my dearest diary, ... John André, was going to die. [7] With the outbreak of the French Revolution, Arnold outfitted a privateer, while continuing to do business in the West Indies, even though the hostilities increased the risk. [79] Several members on the panel of judges were ill-disposed toward Arnold over actions and disputes earlier in the war, yet Arnold was cleared of all but two minor charges on 26 January 1780. Benedict Arnold became known as a traitor when Major John Andre was captured by three New York militia in 1780 with the plans of West Point in his boot. In popular culture, the words “Benedict Arnold” became synonymous with treason or becoming a traitor. Arnold fought like he was 'inspired by the fury of a … Word of the siege's disastrous outcome led the company to turn around, and Arnold served for only 13 days. He died on June 14, 1801, at the age of 60, and was buried at St. Mary’s Church in Battersea, London. He also provided information on a proposed French-American invasion of Quebec that was to go up the Connecticut River (Arnold did not know that this proposed invasion was a ruse intended to divert British resources). [7][106] Among his bequests were considerable gifts to one John Sage, perhaps an illegitimate son or grandson. [132], Benedict Arnold's name became synonymous with "traitor" soon after his betrayal became public, and biblical themes were often invoked. Benedict Arnold grew up comfortably in Norwich, Connecticut during the 1740s and early 1750s. André had spies and informers keeping track of Arnold to verify his movements. Meaning of benedict arnold. They issued him a colonel's commission on 3 May 1775, and he immediately rode off to Castleton in the disputed New Hampshire Grants (Vermont) in time to participate with Ethan Allen and his men in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga. Washington also infiltrated men into New York City in an attempt to capture Arnold. Like his father, he could be violent and headstrong, and twice he directly defied him by taking up a commission in the British army, even … His difficult time in New Brunswick led historians to summarize it as full of "controversy, resentment, and legal entanglements" and to conclude that he was disliked by both Americans and Loyalists living there. His grieving father fell apart and was arrested repeatedly for drunkenness before his death in 1761. Samuel Spring carried him to the makeshift hospital at the Hôtel Dieu. When his traitorous plans came to light, Arnold escaped capture and eventually made his way to England. Having only received 6,000 of the 20,000 pounds he’d demanded for switching sides, Arnold eventually resumed his old career as a merchant ship-owner in … Benedict Arnold’s eldest son, Benedict VI, did not share his father’s manufactured loyalty to the British; it was undoubtedly genuine. Award-winning British actor Benedict Cumberbatch is known for playing the titular detective of the BBC's 'Sherlock' and the sorcerer Doctor Strange in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. In 1764, he formed a partnership with merchant Adam Babcock. [28] Margaret died on 19 June 1775, while Arnold was at Fort Ticonderoga following its capture. He led the American forces to great success during the Revolutionary War against the British. On May 10, 1775, Arnold partnered with frontiersman Ethan Allen to seize New York’s Fort Ticonderoga. His father was arrested on several occasions for public drunkenness, was refused communion by his church, and died in 1761. [85] When he reached Connecticut, Arnold arranged to sell his home there and began transferring assets to London through intermediaries in New York. Benedict Arnold was born a British subject, the second of six children of Benedict Arnold (1683–1761) and Hannah Waterman King in Norwich, Connecticut on 14 January 1741. In May 1779, Arnold secretly contacted British General Henry Clinton to discuss the possibility of switching his allegiance back to the Crown. Arnold wanted to attack. Benedict Arnold (1741-1801) After discovery of his treason, Arnold fled to the British side, became a General in the British Army, and led raids against American forces. He had established a decent relationship with George Washington, as well as Philip Schuyler and Horatio Gates, both of whom had command of the army's Northern Department during 1775 and 1776. [61] Some of this communication was effected through the services of Joseph Stansbury, a Philadelphia merchant.[62]. British reinforcements arrived in late March led by William Phillips who served under Burgoyne at Saratoga. His subordinates, some long-time associates, grumbled about Arnold's unnecessary distribution of supplies and eventually concluded that he was selling them on the black market for personal gain. Following the fighting at Lexington and Concord, his company marched from Connecticut northeast toward Boston. His father was a successful businessman and young Arnold was educated in private schools. Troops were liberally distributed within Arnold's command area (but only minimally at West Point itself) or furnished to Washington on request. The name Benedict Arnold is synonymous in American history with the word traitor. Benedict Arnold was an American Revolutionary War general best known for his defection from the Continental Army to the British side of the conflict in 1780. Peggy married Benedict, a widower with three children, on April 8, 1779. [97], André was captured near Tarrytown, New York on Saturday, 23 September by three Westchester militiamen. General Washington gave him a light reprimand, but it merely heightened Arnold's sense of betrayal; nonetheless, he had already opened negotiations with the British before his court martial even began. May God forgive me for ever having put on another,"[128] but this story may be apocryphal. He was one of only two of his mother's eleven children to survive into adulthood. Angry and frustrated, Arnold resigned his military command of Philadelphia in late April. The Real Benedict Arnold By: Jim Murphy Biography 272 pages The Real Benedict Arnold is the story about one of the most notorious traitors of the American Revolution. He led a small contingent of militia attempting to stop or slow the British return to the coast in the Battle of Ridgefield, and was again wounded in his left leg. [14] A commonly accepted story that he deserted from militia service in 1758[15] is based on uncertain documentary evidence.[16]. In a 11 July letter, he complained that the British did not appear to trust him, and threatened to break off negotiations unless progress was made. Benedict Arnold was born in 1741, to a family whose ancestors were among the first to come to Rhode Island. He died on June 14, 1801, at the age of 60, and was buried at St. Mary’s Church in Battersea, London. Now, however, everyone does. Does benedict hold the name for greatest leader of all time or traitor? OP - How did Benedict Arnold die? What does benedict arnold mean? Historians have identified many possible factors contributing to Arnold's treason, while some debate their relative importance. They were married on April 8, 1779. He helped organize militia forces on British-held islands, receiving praise from the landowners for his efforts on their behalf. [71] Stansbury ignored instructions from Arnold to involve no one else in the plot, and he crossed the British lines and went to see Jonathan Odell in New York. However, his actions at Saint-Jean and Valcour Island played a notable role in delaying the British advance against Ticonderoga until 1777. Needed repairs were never ordered on the chain across the Hudson. He was acquitted of most charges and received a mild reprimand from General Washington. Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. Odell was a Loyalist working with William Franklin, the last colonial governor of New Jersey and the son of Benjamin Franklin. The French had besieged Fort William Henry in northeastern New York, and their Indian allies had committed atrocities after their victory. He received a colonel's commission in the Continental Army for this expedition and left Cambridge in September 1775 with 1,100 men. In 1787, he moved to Canada to a merchant business with his sons Richard and Henry. His father was a successful businessman and sent Arnold to a private school near Canterbury, Connecticut. Clinton was uninterested in most of his aggressive ideas, but finally authorized him to raid the port of New London, Connecticut. Answer to: How did Benedict Arnold die? In January 1801, Benedict Arnold's health began to decline. To this day, calling someone a "Benedict Arnold" in America … 3 January 1740] – 14 June 1801) was a general during the American Revolutionary War. [145] His descendants are spread across Canada, most of all those of John Sage, who adopted the Arnold surname. General George Washington had given him his fullest trust and placed him in command of West Point, New York. [115], In London, Arnold aligned himself with the Tories, advising Germain and King George III to renew the fight against the Americans. Unfortunately, his commanding officer, general Horatio Gates, received most of the credit for Arnold's victories. "[33], Arnold began the war as a captain in the Connecticut militia, a position to which he was elected in March 1775. Revolutionary War (American service) Revolutionary War (British service) Benedict Arnold (14 January 1741 [O.S. [12], In 1755, Arnold was attracted by the sound of a drummer and attempted to enlist in the provincial militia for service in the French and Indian War, but his mother refused permission. “Since the fall of Lucifer,” General Nathanial Greene judged, “nothing has equaled the fall of Arnold.” Yet Arnold’s accomplishments for the patriot cause were extraordinary. He and his men were joined by Richard Montgomery's small army and participated in the 31 December assault on Quebec City in which Montgomery was killed and Arnold's leg was shattered. He knew that he was distrusted and disliked by senior military officers on both sides. I felt that I had failed for the British, feeling that what happened to André was my fault. 62369640, citing Old Norwichtown Cemetery, Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, USA ; Maintained by Precious (contributor 48339663) . Arnold escaped and André was hanged. [142] However, not all depictions of Arnold were so negative. [94][95] This action did little damage besides giving the captain, Andrew Sutherland, a splinter in his nose – but the splinter prompted the Vulture to retreat,[96] forcing André to return to New York overland. Information and translations of benedict arnold in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. This monument was erected under the patronage of the State of Connecticut in the 55th year of the Independence of the U.S.A. in memory of the brave patriots massacred at Fort Griswold near this spot on the 6th of Sept. [101], Arnold learned of André's capture the morning of 24 September while waiting for Washington, with whom he was going to have breakfast at his headquarters in British Col. Beverley Robinson's former summer house on the east bank of the Hudson. Peggy came from a loyalist family in Philadelphia; she had many ties to the British. How many siblings does Benedict Arnold have ? He went to London in 1781 and died there twenty years later on June 14, 1801, forgotten in England and despised in America. After the war Arnold and his wife moved to London where he died a rather ignoble death in 1801. After the British withdrawal from Philadelphia in the spring of 1778, Washington appointed Arnold the military commander of the city. He traveled extensively in the course of his business throughout New England and from Quebec to the West Indies, often in command of one of his own ships. Their friendship became the foundation for the treason for which Peggy’s husband, Benedict Arnold, became infamous. 62369640, citing Old Norwichtown Cemetery, Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, USA ; Maintained by Precious (contributor 48339663) . Gates wanted to defend. [140] A moralistic children's tale entitled "The Cruel Boy" was widely circulated in the 19th century. His actions included the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775, defensive and delaying tactics at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain in 1776 which allowed American forces time to prepare New York's defenses, the Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut (after which he was promoted to major general), operations in relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix, and key actions during the pivotal Battles of Saratoga in 1777, in which he suffered leg injuries that halted his combat career for several years. His name is almost a synonym for treasonous behavior so despicable, his many contributions to American Independence before becoming a turncoat are largely forgotten. [109] This activity brought out Virginia's militia led by Colonel Sampson Mathews, and Arnold eventually retreated to Portsmouth to be reinforced or to evacuate. Had he become America's most notorious traitor. 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